I have made extensive use of

The Natural History Museum's HOSTS - The Hostplants and Caterpillars Database
to list foodplants. I have listed those given for North America as well as for the Neararctic.

Books and internet resources sited below have also been utilized.

Distribution and Flight Times:

I have made extensive use of
The Lepidopterists' Society Season Summary
to update distributions and flight times listed in

Legion of Night by Theodore D. Sargent, and

Eastern Moths by Carles V. Covell, Jr., and

The Moths of Canada Part 1: Noctuoidea of Western Canada by
J.T. Troubridge and J.D. Lafontaine at


I have made extensive use of

Legion of Night by T. D. Sargent,

Eastern Moths by Carles V. Covell, Jr.

Le Guide des Papillons du Quebec by Louis Handfield

Historical vs Recent Moth Illustrations by Joe Kunkel at
The Harold J. Vermes slides are especially beautiful and useful.

Dr. Ken Neil of Nova Scotia and Vernon A. Brou of Louisiana have also been especially helpful as have the images provided by James K. Adams, Dale Clark, Bruce Walsh, Gerald Fauske, Lynn Scott, Cindy Mead, Troy Bartlett.

Electronic Images:

I have done direct scans of spread and then-posed specimens collected by myself, either in New Jersey or on Prince Edward Island, Canada.

I am also most thankful to the following people who have all given me permission to use images from their respective sites and/or collections:

Adams, James K., Georgia

Bartlett, Troy, Georgia
Troy's Photo gallery

Brou, Vernon A., Louisiana: Vernon is undoubtedly one of the most knowledgeable collectors and describers of Catocala in the United States.

Vernon Antoine Brou, Jr., January 14, 2007

Many of Vernon's more recent publications are available in pdf format at These include articles about Louisiana Catocala as well as moths from other families.

NEW! Visit for links to many of Vernon's published articles.

Campbell, John H., Georgia
Southeastern Butterflies and Moths Image Gallery

Clark, Dale, Texas
Moths of Dallas County, Texas

Fauske, Gerald, North Dakota

Mead, Cindy, Michigan
Moth Galleries

Miller, Jeff
Macromoths of Northwest Forests and Woodlands

Scott, Lynn, Ontario
Lynn Scott's Lepidoptera Images

Thomas, Anthony W., New Brunswick
Natural Resources Canada: Species Check List, New Brunswick

Wagner, David L., Connecticut
Caterpillars of Eastern Forests

Walsh, Bruce, Arizona
Moths of Southeastern Arizona: Noctuidae (Cutworm moths)

Walter, Steve


I have made extensive use of

Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico
(abstracted from Hodges et al., 1983, with annotations.)
J. G. Franclemont & E. L. Todd at


Rick Gillmore of Florida has provided corrections and additions for many foodplants.

Return to Main Catocala Index

This page is brought to you by Bill Oehlke and the WLSS. Pages are on space rented from Bizland. If you would like to become a "Patron of the Sphingidae/Catocala Sites", contact Bill.

Please send sightings/images to Bill. I will do my best to respond to requests for identification help.