Updated as per personal communication from Rick Gillmore, (Florida, Hickory), May 7, 2007
Updated as per personal communication with Dan Sundberg, (San Antonio, Texas), May 8, 2012
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It has also been reported in Georgia, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia.
Catocala consors, San Antonio, Texas, May 8, 2012, courtesy of Dan Sundberg.
Food Habits The larva eats spring new growth foliage of small hickories probably only section EUCARYA. Probably larvae occur mostly on saplings or sprouts less than two meters tall. This species does not require shagbark hickory like several congeneric species do. By habitat association either or both of CARYA PALLIDA and C. TOMENTOSA are foodplants in New Jersey.
Phenology in New Jersey and Illinois: adults occur in July from larvae hatching about the beginning of May and maturing in about a month. The pupal stage is also about a month. Adults probably appear at the end of May at extreme southern end of range. In general they can be expected with the closely related, ecologically similar and common C. epione in any given area. Local collectors will know when C. epione occurs. Adults fly at night but can be flushed from leaf litter under shrubs by day and may move around to seek shade. Larvae feed mostly at night but (C. C. consors at least) usually do not leave the small hickories by day.
Rick Gillmore writes, "It is very common in Seminole, Orange and Citrus counties in central Florida. The larvae is found on hickory trees, not Amorpha fructicosa. In fact, I seriously doubt that C. consors larvae feed on Amorpha fructicosa."
The forewing has irregular am and pm narrow black lines. The orange-yellow pm band tends to be narrow and irregularly zigzagged. Sometimes the band is wider and slightly less irregular.
Catocala consors is the same as C. pensacola Reiff, 1919. There is a subspecies sorsconi Barnes and Benjamin, 1924.
In more southerly locales there may be multiple flights with moths on the wing from late April into July, but it is generally felt that there is a single brood annually. There is a Texas record for April 26.
Catocala consors courtesy of James K. Adams, Georgia.
The Catocala consors caterpillar shows a preference for Amorpha fructicosa (Bastard indigo) questionable. Carya (hickory) is a primary host (RG).
EGGS, CATERPILLARS, COCOONS AND PUPAE:
Eggs are deposited on tree bark in the fall and hatch the following spring.
Image courtesy of
Amorpha fructicosa .......
Bastard indigo questionable
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