Smerinthini thumbnails

Smerinthini of Colombia:
Adhemarius, Orecta and Protambulyx

This very tentative checklist will become more accurate as images and information are sent to me. If you would like to assist in the development of this worldwide Sphingidae data/image base, please send info and images to Bill Oehlke.

I have arranged the images in accordance with my perception of wing characters: predominent markings, shape, colour, size.

There are probably some Colombian species not listed below, and there are some species not officially confirmed for Colombia, although I think they have a good chance of being found there.

Females often have a wing shape or pattern that differs from the males. I hope some day to also have a thumbnail checklist for the females.

Adhemarius germanus is a junior synonym of Adhemarius gannascus.
Adhemarius tigrina coronata flies in the western Cordillera. I do not have an image.

Adhemarius dentoni
dark area on basal costa slightly separated from rest of dark band to i. m.
fw more produced than in gannascus;
large dark trapezoid in apical area

Adhemarius gannascus
dark area on basal costa continuous to inner margin
forewing less produced than in dentoni;
dark apical area reduced to thin comma;

Adhemarius daphne
no dark area on basal costa
dark apical area broader than in gannascus
Cundinamarca, Dec. 14, 2010, RTN

Adhemarius ypsilon
dark area on lower half of costa
merges with larger area to inner margin;
costa generally devoid of other dark patches except trapezoid near apex

Adhemarius palmeri
large semicircular dark area on costa;
separate from larger, lower dark area;
additional dark patches on costa
oblong dark oval in lower median area

Adhemarius tigrina
no dark area on basal costa;
very similar to sexoculata;
no hw eyespots on veins CUA2, A1
hindwing basal area yellow

Adhemaris sexoculata
no dark area on basal costa;
very similar to tigrina;
six hw eyespots on CuA2, 1A, CuA1
hw basal area pinkish

Orecta venedictoffae male, Costa Rica, courtesy of Dan Janzen,
also flies in Ecuador; unconfirmed in Colombia??
Orecta venedictoffae : note produced, pointed apex.


Protambulyx euryalus
Fw o. m. non-broadening twixt M1/M2
large dark basal marking along fw i. m.
series of drab, olive green-brown, diffuse bars emanating from costa into basal and median areas
hw pml leaves costa obtusely
pale pinkish orange band between o.m. and olive green subparallel band;
Valle de Cauca, 1200m;
June 26, 2003, PH

Protambulyx eurycles
Fw o. m. broadens inwardly between veins M1/M2 with lobed projections
series of drab, olive green-brown, diffuse bars emanating from costa into basal and median areas
hw pml inwardly concave in upper 1/3

Protambulyx goeldii
Fw o. m. broadens inwardly between veins M1/M2 with smooth inner edge;
prominent dark spot at cell apex
prominent greenish brown suffusion along and just below costa;
hw pml almost straight in upper 1/3
lacks hw median line

Protambulyx s. strigilis
Fw o. m. non-broadening twixt M1/M2
small basal dot above fw i. m.
markings emanating from costa mostly thin irregular streaks rahter than wider, more diffuse and darker, irregular clouds
hw pml leaves costa at right angle
area between dark outer margin and subparallel dark band is concolourous with rest of forewing, or slightly orangish; hind wing groundcolour seems more orangey than in other Colombian species
throughout Colombia
March 4, 2011, Villacincencio, Meta, GN

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