Manduca: white apical patch on forewing; two rows of white dots on abdomen, white on juncture of thorax and abdomen; three yellow-orange marks on each
side of abdomen
Manduca albiplaga, Corcovado, Puntarenas, Costa Rica,
June 24, 2008, 30m, courtesy of Gernot Kunz.
Manduca dalica dalica *; 120-135mm:
Fw: dark, purplish-brown in median & subterminal areas.
Thin, black, very irregular aml inwardly traced in white, additional white along forewing base
& across thorax/abdomen juncture. Thin white line across head behind eyes.
Discal spot: large, white, connected by white triangular patch to suffusion on costal margin.
Whitish-grey apical patch, &
small, whitish mark anterior of anal angle. Space between 2nd & 3rd discal lines dark grey.
Manduca albiplaga *:
Large white apical patch in upper half of postmedian area from outside of pm line to apex; another large white patch
from costa to inner margin just outside the basal area. Two white areas not contiuous as in rustica.
Manduca rustica *
Broad, dominant U-shaped whitish area from costa (just outside am line) to inner margin; along inner margin
to last pm line and inside that line to first pm line to costa. Median area bounded by this shape is grey-brown with white cell and no
white triangle joining cell to costa. Lower inside 1/4 of basal area white with white marks above. Much white in terminal area.
Note inverted white v's, like eyebrows, over dark triangles on mid thorax. Strong white presence at juncture of thorax/abdomen.
Very distinct species
Manduca lefeburii male, Rincon de la Vieja Lodge, Guanacaste, Costa Rica,
June 10, 2008, 624m, courtesy of Gernot Kunz.
Manduca lefeburii :
Similar to Manduca andicola. Conspicuous,
diffuse, dark band from midpoint costa to outer margin near vein CuA1, housing white discal spot.
Mostly pale grey with pale brown triangular patch from cell spot to costa.
Aml weak, outer pm line weak.
No narrow black mesial line on abdomen upperside.
Unmistakable. Forewing costa charcoal grey with extensions into dominant tawny brown ground colour.
Two pairs of submarginal black dots and row
of marginal black spots on forewing upperside.
Head and thorax: tawny and orange.
Forewing is an almost uniform medium grey with numerous slightly darker (almost black) thin, undulating, irregular lines.
Distinctive row of whitish <'s (left wing) and
>'s (right wing) in forewing submarginal area. Prominent white discal spot.
Manduca: Slaty grey area between inner and outer pm lines; upper half of outer pm line concave;
inner pm line obtusely angled near its midpoint; subterminal line black, thick near anal angle; five or six
large yellow-orange marks on each side of abdomen.
Manduca pellenia, Costa Rica, May 21, 2006,
courtesy of Gernot Kunz.
Manduca hannibal *:
Ground colour different shades of brown with generous suffusions of tiny charcoal grey scales, creating a somewhat grainy appearance.
Lighter colouration (creamy buff) without suffusion along inner margin, anal angle and outer margin. Am and pm lines less convergent
below cell than in upper three species. Very weak subterminal line.
Manduca pellenia *:
Antenna: stout as in Manduca sexta.
Abdomen underside shaded with brown scales, especially in the male.
Forewing upperside with discal, black, pubescent patches heavy, forming a band that is strongly angled near vein M3; the oblique, black apical line and the
posterior part of the black postdiscal line both very heavy; submarginal zigzag line creamy buff rather than white; the cells between veins M3 and CuP more or
less russet between the discal band and postdiscal line.
Oblong sub-rectangles in the upper three-quarters of the forewing pm area inwardly bordered with grey white and outwardly pointed with same grey white.. Otherwise more uniformly
darker grey-brown than other species.
Manduca: Outer postmedian line in smooth S-shape on left forewing
Manduca florestan, N P Piedras Blancas, Puntarenas, Costa Rica,
July 2, 2008, 65m, courtesy of Gernot Kunz
Manduca florestan *
Fw gray to yellowish gray to brown with greenish tint in fresh specimens. Two black dashes running from below cell toward outer margin. Prominent, pale
reddish-brown patch encloses cell mark, above dashes. Left fw pm lines: S-shaped, prominent for upper 3/4. Body side of black apical, trapezoid, oblique.
Manduca lanuginosa *:
No yellow spots on the sides of the abdomen, gray shoulders, diffuse gray-brown "patternless" wing color, varying from quite dark brown to quite light gray.
Duller, with more uniform colouration than Manduca florestan. The side spots on the abdomen contain less black than in Manduca florestan.
Man. barnesi *
Very similar pattern to florestan, but lacks the reddish-brown area around the cell mark and is generally
a much lighter whitish-grey with strongly contrasting lines.
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