Smerinthini thumbnails

French Guiana Smerinthini:
Adhemarius and Protambulyx Thumbnails

This checklist will become more accurate as images and information are sent to me. If you would like to assist in the development of this worldwide Sphingidae data/image base, please send info and images to Bill Oehlke.

I have arranged the images in accordance with my perception of wing characters: predominent markings, shape, colour, size.

Females often have a wing shape or pattern that differs from the males. I hope some day to also have a thumbnail checklist for the females.

As of May 8, 2011, this checklist has been revised for French Guiana. The page is inspired by and dedicated to Andres Urbas who has provided beautiful images and data for many species.

Many thanks also to Dan Janzen and other photographers/sources who have provided images or information as cited on the individual species files.

Adhemarius roessleri, Kaw Mountains, French Guiana,
March 31, 2011, courtesy of Andres Urbas.

Adhemarius: palmeri and roessleri are quite distinct.
Hindwing patterns very helpful, but when not visible, use size and shape of dark apical mark, combined with antemedial pattern on or off costa to determine daphne, gannascus and gagarini.

A. daphne daphne
Similar to A. gannascus.
Fw subapical mark on costa broader than in gannascus.
Note absence of dark costal region in antemedian band.

A. roessleri *
Dark apical patch broadly trapezoidal.
Antemedial band bulbous lower 2/3, split, with slight intrusion onto costa.

Adhemarius gannascus
dark area on basal costa continuous to inner margin
forewing less produced than in dentoni;
dark apical area reduced to thin comma;

Adhemarius palmeri
large semicircular dark area on costa;
separate from larger, lower dark area;
additional dark patches on costa
oblong dark oval in lower median area

A. gagarini *
Similar to A. gannascus.
Dark area on basal costa continuous to inner margin
Fw subapical mark on costa broadly trapezoidal.

Protambulyx eurycles, near Kaw Mountains, French Guiana,
April 25, 2011, courtesy of Andres Urbas.

Protambulyx: The five Protambulyx reported in French Guiana should be easily determined just by examination of the forewings as per the significant characters indicated below.

Protambulyx euryalus
Similar to Protambulyx eurycles, but euryalus has a narrower forewing marginal band between veins M1 and M2. Fw o.m. not crenulated in euryalus. The hindwing postmedian line is curved in euryalus while it is angled in eurycles. Note large dark brown basal mark along inner margin, not present in sulphurea.

P. sulphurea
Similar to Protambulyx ockendeni with narrower and paler wings, and less contrasting pattern. Fw lacks large costal patches and subbasal patch found on i. m. of other French Guiana Protambulyx. Hws: lemon yellow. Narrower dark marginal area compared to goeldii.

Protambulyx eurycles
Fw o. m. broadens inwardly between veins M1/M2 with lobed projections
series of drab, olive green-brown, diffuse bars emanating from costa into basal and median areas
hw pml inwardly concave in upper 1/3

Protambulyx goeldii
Fw o. m. broadens inwardly between veins M1/M2 with smooth inner edge;
prominent dark spot at cell apex
prominent greenish brown suffusion along and just below costa;
hw pml almost straight in upper 1/3
lacks hw median line
elongated, dark basal patch

Protambulyx s. strigilis
Fw o. m. non-broadening twixt M1/M2
small basal dot above fw i. m.
markings emanating from costa mostly thin irregular streaks rahter than wider, more diffuse and darker, irregular clouds
hw pml leaves costa at right angle
area between dark outer margin and subparallel dark band is concolourous with rest of forewing, or slightly orangish; hind wing ground colour seems more orangey than in other species


Use your browser "Back" button to return to the previous page.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke at
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.

Enjoy one of nature's wonderments: Live Saturniidae (Giant Silkmoth) cocoons.

Show appreciation for this site by clicking on flashing butterfly to the left.
The link will take you to a page with links to many insect sites.