Smerinthini thumbnails

Manduca Thumbnails: Peru

This tentative checklist will become more accurate as images and information are sent to me. If you would like to assist in the development of this worldwide Sphingidae data/image base, please send info and images to Bill Oehlke.

I have arranged the images in accordance with my perception of wing characters: predominent markings, shape, colour, size.

There are probaby some Peruvian species not listed below, and there are some species not officially confirmed for Peru, although I think they have a good chance of being found there.

Females often have a wing shape or pattern that differs from the males. I hope some day to also have a thumbnail checklist for the females.

Manduca: white apical patch on forewing; two rows of white dots on abdomen, white on juncture of thorax and abdomen; three yellow-orange marks on each side of abdomen

Manduca dalica dalica; 120-135mm: Fw: dark, purplish-brown in median & subterminal areas. Thin, black, very irregular aml inwardly traced in white, additional white along forewing base & across thorax/abdomen juncture. Thin white line across head behind eyes. Discal spot: large, white, connected by white triangular patch to suffusion on costal margin. Whitish-grey apical patch, & small, whitish mark anterior of anal angle. Space between 2nd & 3rd discal lines dark grey.

Manduca albiplaga: Large white apical patch in upper half of postmedian area from outside of pm line to apex; another large white patch from costa to inner margin just outside the basal area. Two white areas not contiuous as in rustica.

Manduca leucospila ; FWl: 47mm: Space along i.m. between aml & post-discal lines: pale, suffused with buff. Large greyish-white patches anterior to oblique apical line, and in submarginal area. Smaller white patch & submarginal zigzag line near anal angle. Black streak connects 3rd antemedian & 1st discal lines between veins CuA1 and CuA2; discal lines sharply dentate, 2nd and 3rd close together, with the space between spotted with white, the lines more evenly curved than in Manduca rustica; fringe with white spots large, extending onto the wing membrane.

Manduca camposi : Very prominent, continuous, jagged, white band from costa to inner margin, obtusely angled near its midpoint, between second and third postmedian lines. Cell spot tiny, white without any connection to dark costa. Am line bordered in white.

Manduca rustica Broad, dominant U-shaped whitish area from costa (just outside am line) to inner margin; along inner margin to last pm line and inside that line to first pm line to costa. Median area bounded by this shape is grey-brown with white cell and no white triangle joining cell to costa. Lower inside 1/4 of basal area white with white marks above. Much white in terminal area. Note inverted white v's, like eyebrows, over dark triangles on mid thorax. Strong white presence at juncture of thorax/abdomen.

Manduca: Conspicuous, dark band from about midpoint costa to outer margin near vein CuA1, housing white discal spot. Plus unmistakable Manduca ochus.

Manduca andicola: Similar to Manduca lefeburii. Conspicuous, dark band from about midpoint costa to outer margin near vein CuA1, housing white discal spot. Mostly pale grey-brown, with pale brown triangular patch from cell spot to costa. Aml and outer pm line black and conspicuous. Abdomen with black mesial line.

Manduca lefeburii :
Similar to Manduca andicola. Conspicuous, diffuse, dark band from midpoint costa to outer margin near vein CuA1, housing white discal spot. Mostly pale grey with pale brown triangular patch from cell spot to costa. Aml weak, outer pm line weak. No narrow black mesial line on abdomen upperside.

Manduca ochus
Unmistakable. Forewing costa charcoal grey with extensions into dominant tawny brown ground colour. Two pairs of submarginal black dots and row of marginal black spots on forewing upperside. Head and thorax: tawny and orange. Possibly ?? in northern Colombia

Manduca: Slaty grey area between inner and outer pm lines; upper half of outer pm line concave; inner pm line obtusely angled near its midpoint; subterminal line black, thick near anal angle; five or six large yellow-orange marks on each side of abdomen.

Manduca clarki: Similar to but smaller than M. lucetius, with pale parts of thorax and wings grey, without a yellowish buff tint as in lucetius. Abdomen upperside with white dorsal spots vestigial or diffuse; 7th segment without yellow lateral patch. Fore- and hindwing pattern almost identical to those of Manduca lucetius, except that the marginal grey band of the hindwing less shaded with black, but more so than in Manduca scutata or Manduca pellenia.

Manduca hannibal : Ground colour different shades of brown with generous suffusions of tiny charcoal grey scales, creeating a somewhat grainy appearance. Lighter colouration (creamy buff) without suffusion along inner margin, anal angle and outer margin. Am and pm lines less convergent below cell than in upper three species. Very weak subterminal line

Manduca lucetius: Slaty black downy patches very pronounced, forming, together with a patch in the discal cell, a large semicircle filled with black scaling, this contrasting strongly with the paler, russet basal and distal areas; discal and postdiscal lines less curved than in Manduca diffissa petuniae near vein M3, but more so than in Manduca sexta; white dots of the fringe sometimes encroaching on the wing, being slightly enlarged basad, though they may be very small or absent.

Manduca diffissa tropicalis : Grey brown, often darker in cell region. Terminal line tends to be more pronounced, with small rectangular like projections, than in other species in this group.

Manduca pellenia: Antenna: stout as in Manduca sexta. Abdomen underside shaded with brown scales, especially in the male. Forewing upperside with discal, black, pubescent patches heavy, forming a band that is strongly angled near vein M3; the oblique, black apical line and the posterior part of the black postdiscal line both very heavy; submarginal zigzag line creamy buff rather than white; the cells between veins M3 and CuP more or less russet between the discal band and postdiscal line.


Manduca mossi : Greyish lines: diffuse, not in sharp contrast with grainy grey (basal, median, terminal areas) and grey-brown (inner lining of aml and postmedian areas). Cell spot: small, thick v-shape with apex toward head. Apical area concolorous with terminal area. Inner pm line concave 40%, right angle, then again concave for lower 60%.

Manduca trimacula: Body & forewing brownish-yellow, mottled with grey and tawny olive. Abdomen: two rows of abdominal white dots; segments 1-3 with a yellow lateral patch bordered with black. Undulate and zigzag lines well-marked; discal and postdiscal lines curved as in Manduca sexta, the space between the 2nd and 3rd discal lines white between veins Rs3 and Rs4, greyish white elsewhere; also greyish white on the distal side of the 3rd discal line; the space between the heavily-marked 1st and 2nd discal lines scarcely darker than the rest of the disc, not silky black as in Manduca lucetius; postdiscal line heavy, forming a patch on vein M3 and behind CuA2, followed by a large, ill-defined, creamy white patch at vein M2 in post median area; discal spot nearly white, round; oblique apical line heavy, with a creamy white border anteriorly

Manduca: Outer postmedian line in smooth S-shape on left forewing

Manduca florestan
Fw gray to yellowish gray to brown with greenish tint in fresh specimens. Two black dashes running from below cell toward outer margin. Prominent reddish brown patch outside cell, above dashes. Left fw pm lines: S-shaped, prominent for upper 3/4. Body side of black apical, trapezoid, oblique.

Manduca lanuginosa : No yellow spots on the sides of the abdomen, gray shoulders, diffuse gray-brown "patternless" wing color, varying from quite dark brown to quite light gray. Duller, with more uniform colouration than Manduca florestan. The side spots on the abdomen contain less black than in Manduca florestan.

Manduca sexta sexta check distribution

Manduca vestalis : There is only one prominent, thin but distinct, S-shaped, post median line on the left forewing. The other "pmlines" are broadly diffuse. Ground colour is light grey, often with a yellowish cast. There are two dark dashes below the cell and the upper half of the median area is darker than the lower half.


Manduca extrema
M. extrema is similar to both neglecta and schausi, but CATE image shows male with two short black dashes below cell in median area. I see no presence of golden scales in this area.
Note short dark oblique bars on thorax, slanting downward toward center

Manduca neglecta
Manduca neglecta is very similar to Manduca schausi and examination of genitalia may be necessary to distinguish between them. Neglecta has the smaller wingspan (males: 99 mm - 114 mm; females: 106 mm - 118 mm) compared to schausi (114 mm - 138 mm).
There is usually a suffusion of yellow-gold with the slightly darker grey scales below the cell mark.
Note prominent white thoracic "crests".

Manduca schausi
Intermediate between Manduca lichenea and Manduca florestan, with similar pattern to both. General coloration on body and forewing grey with a green tinge, like Manduca florestan, but forewing upperside darker, especially the semicircular median area on the costal margin. Forewing narrower than Manduca florestan, more similar to Manduca lichenea, with similar concavity on the distal margin just anterior to the hind angle. Forewing upperside stigma much smaller than either Manduca lichenea or Manduca florestan.


Use your browser "Back" button to return to the previous page.

This page is brought to you by Bill Oehlke and the WLSS. Pages are on space rented from Bizland. If you would like to become a "Patron of the Sphingidae Site", contact Bill.

Please send sightings/images to Bill. I will do my best to respond to requests for identification help.

Show appreciation for this site by clicking on flashing butterfly to the left.
The link will take you to a page with links to many insect sites.