Sphingidae of Ecuador

Xylophanes ceratomioides, Septimo Paraiso Lodge, Mindo, Pichincha Province, Ecuador,
March 4, 2005; 4,200' elevation, courtesy of Robert Behrstock.

Although I believe these checklists contain only species within Ecuador, I fully expect there are omissions. If you have corrections to offer, please contact
Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com.

The Cocytius species were recently reassigned to several different genera: Amphonyx, Pseudococytius, Morcocytius. I have listed them alphabetically as they would appear in older Cocytius assignment with new genera designations. Cocytius macasensis is now regarded as a junior synonym of Amphonyx lucifer.

Sphinx merops judsoni has been equated with nominate merops, and I have followed Tuttle's movement of South American and Central American Sphinx species back to Lintneria genus. Hence Lintneria arthuri and Lintneria merops.

The following image was sent to me by Claire Herzog for id purposes.

Unknown Sphingidae??, fifth instar, Sacha Lodge area, Orellana, Ecuador,, or
Yasuni National Park near the Napo Wildlife Center, courtesy of Claire Herzog.

I reply, "I have not seen a South American Sphingidae larva like that one before so it may be of another family and just resemble a Sphingid. With your permission I will send image to Ian Kitching and Jean Haxaire and see if they recognize it???

Claire granted permission and I forwarded the image to Ian and Jean.

Here is Jean Haxaire's reply, "OK, this larva is absolutely unknown to me. I have never seen anything even closed to that, except maybe Manduca manducoides. Could it be the larva of Euryglottis albostigma, or another Sphinginae? Well the position of the anal horn is very strange, but I think it is a Sphingidae anyway, and not a Notodontidae (they could have a horn, see Pheosia sp.)

"Well, waiting for Ianís opinion.


"A great larva anyway. What was the altitude?"

It was ascertained that the larval image was taken at lower elevations in Orellana, although Claire wrote back, "I looked back at my photos and these shots were taken at Yasuni National Park near the Napo Wildlife Center...same lowland elevation," seemingly ruling out a Euryglottis species.

Ian Kitching replied,

"Dear Jean and Bill,

"Thanks for the images, but like Jean, I have no idea what this might be, though I agree it is probably not notodontid (though nothing is impossible). I wondered about a Manduca but the lack of oblique stripes precludes most of them. The general shape is almost Acherontia but there is nothing in that group it could be. Orellana is all low elevation Amazonian forest as far as I can tell, nothing much over 400m, so Euryglottis would seem to be out of the question. The only total other total unknowns are Baniwa, Protaleuron and Phanoxyla, but this is not what I would expect them to look like. Sorry, I'm at a total loss here.



This one will remain unknown, at least for the time being. Below is what appears to be an earlier instar.

Unknown Sphingidae, third instar??, Sacha Lodge area, Orellana, Ecuador, or
Yasuni National Park near the Napo Wildlife Center, courtesy of Claire Herzog.


Agrius cingulata
Amphimoea walkeri
Cocytius antaeus
Pseudo. beelzebuth
Amphonyx duponchel
Amphonyx lucifer
Morco. mortuorum
Eury. albostigmata
Euryglottis aper
Euryglottis davidianus
Euryglottis dognini
Euryglottis guttiventris
Lintneria arthuri
Lintneria merops HM
Manduca albiplaga
Manduca andicola
Manduca clarki
Manduca camposi
Manduca contracta
Manduca dalica dalica
Manduca diffissa
M. diff. petuniae IK
Manduca extrema
Manduca florestan
Manduca hannibal
Manduca lanuginosa
Manduca lefeburei
Manduca lucetius
Manduca leucospila
Manduca mossi IK
Manduca neglecta
Manduca ochus
Manduca pellenia
Manduca rustica MV
Manduca schausi
Manduca scutata
Manduca sexta sexta
Manduca trimacula
Manduca vestalis
Neococytius cluentius


Adhemarius daphne
Adhemarius dentoni
Ad. gan. gannascus
Adhem. palmeri HM
Adhemaris sexoculata
Adhem. tigrina HM
Adhemarius ypsilon
Orecta venedictoffae
Protambulyx euryalus
Protambulyx eurycles
Protambulyx goeldii
Protambulyx s. strigilis


Aellopos ceculus
Aellopos clavipes
Aellopos fadus
A. tantalus tantalus
Aellopos titan titan
Aleuron carinata
Aleuron chloroptera
Aleuron cymographum
Aleuron iphis
Aleuron neglectum
Callionima acuta
Calli. calliomenae
Callionima denticulata
Callionima inuus
Callionima nomius
Callionima pan
Callionima parce parce
Enyo bathus
Enyo cavifer
Enyo gorgon
Enyo lugubris lugubris
Enyo ocypete
Enyo taedium
Erinnyis alope
Erinnyis crameri
Erinnyis ello ello
Erinnyis lassauxi
Erinnyis ob. obscura
Erinnyis oenotrus
Eupyrrho. corvus
Eupyrrho. sagra
Hemeroplanes diffusa
H. longistriga
Hemeroplanes ornatus
H. triptolemus
Isognathus leachi
Isognathus swainsoni
Madoryx b. bubastus
Madoryx oiclus oiclus
M. plutonius plutonius
Nyceryx a. alophus
Nyceryx coffeae
Nyceryx ericea
Nyceryx hyposticta
Nyceryx lunaris
Nyceryx magma
Nyceryx maxwelli
N. n. nictitans
Nyceryx riscus
Nyceryx stuarti
Nyceryx tacita
Oryba achemenides
Oryba kadeni
Pachy. caliginosa
Pachygonidia drucei
Pachygonidia hopfferi
Pachygonidia martini
Pachygonidia odile
Pachygonidia ribbei
Pachy. subhamata
Pachylia darceta
Pachylia ficus
Pachylia syces syces
Pachylioides resumens
Perigonia grisea
Perigonia ilus
Perigonia interrupta
Perigonia lusca
Perigonia stulta
Phryxus caicus
Pseudosphinx tetrio
U. japix descrepans
Unzela japix japix
Unzela pronoŽ pronoŽ


Eumorpha adamsi
Eumorpha anchemolus
Eumorpha capronnieri
Eumorpha cissi
Eumorpha drucei
Eumorpha fasciata
Eumorpha labruscae
Eumorpha megaeacus
Eumorpha obliquus
Eumorpha phorbas
Eumorpha satellitia
Eumorpha s. licaon
Eumorpha triangulum
Eumorpha vitis


Hyles annei
Hyles lineata
Phanoxyla hystrix
Xylophanes acrus
Xylophanes agilis
Xylophanes aglaor
Xyl. alexandrei
Xylophanes anubus
X. aristor
X. ceratomioides
X. chiron chiron
Xylophanes cosmius
Xylophanes crotonis
Xylophanes cyrene
Xylophanes docilis
Xylophanes dolius
Xylophanes fusimacula
Xylophanes germen
Xylophanes guianensis
Xyl. hannemanni
Xyl. huloti
Xylophanes kiefferi
Xylophanes libya
Xylophanes loelia
Xy. macasensis
X. mac. maculator
X. maculator wolfi
Xylophanes media
Xylophanes mirabilis
Xylophanes pistacina
Xylophanes pluto
X. por. continentalis
Xylophanes pyrrhus
Xylophanes rhodoclora
Xylophanes rothschildi
Xylophanes schwartzi
Xylophanes tersa tersa
Xylophanes thyelia
Xylophanes titana
Xylophanes tyndarus
Xylophanes undata
Xylophanes xylobotes
Xyl. zurcheri (VK)

Eumorpha anchemolus, Napo Wildlife Center (00 31 29 S, 076,26 24 W), Ecuador,
July 4, 2010, 220 meters, photographed by Jean-Paul Lenglet, submitted by Gerard Boulay,
tentative id and slight digital repair by Bill Oehlke.

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Please send sightings/images to Bill. I will do my best to respond to requests for identification help.

Visit Ecuador Thumbnail Checklists:

Sphingini: Manduca
Sphingini: Agrius, Amphimoea, Cocytius, Euryglottis, Lintneria, Sphinx
Smerinthini: Adhemarius, Orecta and Protambulyx
Dilophonotini: Aleuron, Enyo, Pachygonidia and Unzela
Dilophonotini: Aellopos, Eupyrrhoglossum, Nyceryx and Perigonia
Dilophonotini: Callionima, Erinnyis, Hemeroplanes, Isognathus, Madoryx, Oryba, Pachylia, Pachylioides, Phryxus and Pseudosphinx
Philampelini: Eumorpha
Macroglossini: Hyles, Phanoxyla and Xylophanes