Dilophonotini of Venezuela

Dilophonotini of Venezuela:

Aleuron, Baniwa, Enyo, Kloneus, Pachygonidia, Unzela

This checklist will become more accurate as images and information are sent to me. If you would like to assist in the development of this worldwide Sphingidae data/image base, please send info and images to Bill Oehlke.

All images I receive remain the property of respective photographers and are credited as such. Data such as wingspan, date, elevation, precise location, etc., is credited to persons who submit same.

I have arranged the images in accordance with my perception of wing characters: predominent markings, shape, colour, size.

There are probably some Venezuelan species not listed below, and there are some species not officially confirmed for Venezuela, although I think they have a good chance of being found there.

All images that I use are credited to respective photographers and those images remain the property of the photographers. Data submissions are also acknowledged.

I hope that over the next twenty years the site can be further refined to allow for the creation of state by state checklists for Venezuela.

Many thanks to those who have already submitted photos and information. The CATE Sphingidae site has been extremely helpful regarding descriptions and determinations. If there are mistakes on this site, they are my own. Bill Oehlke.

Enyo gorgon gorgon courtesy of Paolo Mazzei.

Females often have a wing shape or pattern that differs from the males. I hope some day to also have a thumbnail checklist for the females.


Aleuron carinata
Black belts on anterior margins of abdominal segments; usually hidden except for first two broader belts.
Fw: nine more or less evenly dentate transverse lines between base of CuA2 and outer margin.
Distinct dark slightly concave arc from costa midway between cell and apex to midpoint of outer margin; dark region interior to arc; light region exterior to arc.
light area around small dark cell spot.

Aleuron iphis
Conspicuous abdominal white belt
Fw: Orangey-brown ground colour;
Fw: crossed medially/slightly obliquely by four narrow back lines, the basal most bordered with white basally and distally. Brown scales between the outer three, forming a prominent wide, dark band.

Aleuron chloroptera
No black belts around adomen
Almost uniform drab grey-green with nine, weak, more or less evenly dentate transverse lines between base of CuA2 and outer margin.
Small, darker crescents in submarginal area.

Aleuron neglectum
Similar to iphis.
Abdominal white belt much narrower than in iphis. Fw: black median lines indistinct posteriorly, except the basal most, which is bordered white basally but not distally, except at costal margin.

Baniwa yavitensis


Enyo taedium

Enyo gorgon
Forewing apex produced, with concave outer edge, not straight cut as in Enyo cavifer.
Lower half of wing noticeably darker than upper half.

Enyo lugubris
Body, wings dark brown.
Fw: large black patch covering most of outer half of wing.
Pale tan cell spot with small dark inner pupil,
Fairly straight median line to inside of cell spot.

Enyo ocypete
Fw: dark area not sharply defined, prolonged along antemedian line to posterior margin.
Discal spot small.
Male hw: diagnostic pale yellowish-white anal patch.
Females similar to Enyo lugubris lugubris, but have broad brown belt across base of abdomen (this belt either very narrow or absent in Enyo lugubris lugubris).

Kloneus babayaga courtesy of Jean Haxaire.


Pachygonidia caliginosa
Fw very similar to Pachygonidia subhamata, but apex is pointed (not sinuate between Rs3 and Rs4, i.e. not dentate at the end of Rs4).
Outer margin slightly angulate at bottom of hollowed out region below apex, not as rounded (convex) as in subhamata or mielkei.
Hw: two median transverse pinkish-buff bands, similar to patterns of Pachygonidia mielkei and Pachygonidia subhamata.

Pachygonidia subhamata



Japix and pronoe somewhat similar, but fw cell marking in stong contrast with surrounding area in pronoe; masked in japix. Outer, white aml in japix pronounced, very straight; in pronoe weaker, very irregular. Distinct, lighter, basal suboval patch in japix.

Unzela j. japix Vladimir Izersky
Coviriali, June, January 19, 2008, vi

Unzela pronoe pronoe James Hogue
Loreto, February 17-18, 2011, jh

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