Updated as per http://biological-diversity.info/sphingidae.htm (Belize), November 2007
Updated as per Fauna Entomologica De Nicarauga, November 2007
Updated as per The Known Sphingidae of Costa Rica, November 2007
Updated as per personal communication with Tony James (86mm, Gamboa, Panama, June), October 8, 2008
Updated as per Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) de Venezuela, Compilado por: María Esperanza Chacín; December 2009
Updated as per CATE (description; Chanchamayo, Peru; santa Cruz, Bolivia; Mexico); February 18, 2011

Aleuron carinata

Aleuron carinata male courtesy of Dan Janzen.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.


Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Macroglossinae, Harris, 1839
Tribe: Dilophonotini, Burmeister, 1878
Genus: Aleuron Hubner, [1819] ...........
Species: carinata Walker, 1856


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Aleuron carinata, (wingspan 62-72-86mm), flies in
Bolivia: La Paz, Santa Cruz;
Venezuela: Aragua; and northwards to
Panama TJ;
Costa Rica: Puntarenas (rare);
Belize: Stann Creek; and

Tylognathus philampeloides C. & R. Felder, 1867, Brazil, is same as Aleuron carinata.
orophilos Boisduval, [1875], Brazil, is same as Aleuron carinata.

The word "aleuron" is Greek for wheat flour or meal.

Easily distinguished from all other species of Aleuron (except Aleuron cymographum) by the black belts on the anterior margins of the abdominal segments dorsally; these are not visible when the segments are telescoped into one another, except for the two first belts, which are broader. Aleuron cymographum differs in having the pale apical patch of the forewing upperside delimited basally by a crenulated white line between the costa to M2.

Second labial palp segment very strongly angulate, much more so than in other species of Aleuron.

Male: First labial palp segment distinctly angulate laterally at apex.

Forewing upperside with nine more or less evenly dentate transverse lines between the base of CuA2 and outer margin.

Female: First labial palp segment slightly convex.

Forewing upperside with transverse lines between the base of CuA2 and outer margin very weak, except a median and a postmedian line, which are straight, parallel and prominent. CATE

Aleuron carinata, Gamboa, Panama,
86mm, June 24, 2007, courtesy of Tony James.


Aleuron carinata adults fly from at least July to January in Costa Rica. There is a June flight in Panama (TJ).


Adults eclose from pupae formed in shallow subterranean chambers.

Aleuron carinata female courtesy of Dan Janzen.

Aleuron carinata, Gamboa, Panama,
86mm, June 24, 2007, courtesy of Tony James.


Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen.


Larvae feed on Doliocarpus dentatus , and Curatella americana, and probably other members of Dilleniaceae family.

In the first instar the larva is green with an orange head and black hair-like tail as long as the body.

Mature larvae hide on stems during the day. The last instar is very green, with a broken vine-end like structure on the rear. Larval colouration ranges from nearly green, mossy bark to nearly red, brown bark to imitate the host plant.

Caterpillars pupate in underground chambers. The pupa is black and orange and black spotted and ringed. The wing casings are clear orange. The venter of the thorax and the face are black. Pupal stage is usually about 23 days except for diapause during dry season.

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