Adhemarius daphne
Updated as per personal communication with Jose Monzon (Guatemala); May 2009
Updated as per personal communication with Andres Oscar Contreras (Neembucu, Paraguay); May 2009
Updated as per personal communication with Larry Valentine (Itanhandu, Minas Gerais, Brazil); March 22, 2010
Updated as per French Guiana Sphingidae; March 9, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Rodrigo Torres Nunez (111mm, Cundinamarca, Colombia, December 14, 2011); May 22, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Ben Trott (Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, Mexico); February 25, 2012; April 10, 2012
Updated as per personal communication with Linette Mansberger (Bocas del Toro, Bastimentos Island, Panama, September 2012); November 7, 2012
Updated as per personal communication with Brian Fletcher (Abra Patricia Reserve, Amazonas, Peru, October 10, 2009; 2000m); March 21, 2014
Updated as per personal communication with Robert Behrstock (Eldorado Lodge, Santa Marta Mountains, Magdalena, Colombia); June 7, 2014
Updated as per personal communication with Vadim Kroutov (Morona Santiago; Esmeraldas; Ecuador); July 11, 2014
Updated as per personal communication with Sergio D. Ríos Díaz in CATÁLOGO DE LOS SPHINGIDAE (INSECTA: LEPIDOPTERA) DEPOSITADOS EN EL MUSEO NACIONAL DE HISTORIA NATURAL DEL PARAGUAY; sent to me in July 2014 by Sergio D. Ríos Díaz.
Updated as per personal communication with Joanna Rodriguez Ramirez (Tucuman; Argentina), January 22, 2015
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Bustos (Shilap revta. lepid. 43 (172) diciembre, 2015, 615-631 eISSN 2340-4078 ISSN 0300-5267), January 4, 2016
Updated as per personal communication with Carolina Miguel (Paraty, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, February 18, 2016); February 18, 2016
Updated as per personal communication with Diogo Luiz (Nova Iguacu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, December 4, 2016); December 16, 2016
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Bustos (Chaco, Argentina); July 5, 2017

Adhemarius daphne
(Boisduval, [1875]) Amplypterus

Adhemarius daphne, Brasil, Poté, Minas Gerais, November 11, 2004,
courtesy of Frederik Goussey.

Adhemarius daphne, Paraty, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
February 18, 2016, courtesy of Carolina Miguel, id by Bill Oehlke.

Adhemarius daphne, Nova Iguacu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
December 4, 2016, courtesy of Diogo Luiz, id by Bill Oehlke.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke.
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.

TAXONOMY:

Superfamily: Sphingoidea, Dyar, 1902
Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Sphinginae, Latreille, 1802
Tribe: Smerinthini, Grote & Robinson, 1865
Genus: Adhemarius, Oiticica, 1939
Species: daphne, (Boisduval, [1875])

DISTRIBUTION:

Adhemarius daphne (approximate wingspan: 104-111mm) flies in
Brazil: Minas Gerais; Rio de Janeiro (CM & DL) and in
Venezuela;
Colombia: Cundinamarca; Magdalena (RB)
eastern and western Ecuador: Esmeraldas; Morona Santiago (VK);
Peru: Amazonas;
French Guiana: Kaw;
Bolivia: Beni;
Argentina Misiones Province (Yacutinga Private Reserve, near border with Brazil and Paraguay); Tucuman (JRR); (Corrientes, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Chaco, Dpto. Almirante Brown, Río Muerto, 22-XI-1983, (EB))
Paraguay: Itapua; Neembucu (AOC); Guaira; Canindeyu.

Jose Monzon reports it as far north as Guatemala: Izabal.

CATE also reports it in Mexico: Quintana Roo (BT); Costa Rica, so I suspect it flies throughout Central America (confirmed in Panama (LM)) and probably in Guyana; and now confirmed in Suriname: Brokopondo District: Brownsberg (JvB).

Adhemarius daphne, Brownsberg, National Park, Brokopondo District, Suriname,
July 8, 2011, courtesy of Johan van't Bosch.

Adhemarius daphne, Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, Mexico, courtesy of Ben Trott.

Adhemarius daphne, Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, Mexico, courtesy of Ben Trott.

Adhemarius daphne, Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, Mexico, courtesy of Ben Trott.

Ben Trott confirms the presence in Mexico with images from Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo. Previously those specimens in Mexico had been associated with Adhemarius gannascus. In A. daphne the dark basal patch does not extend onto the costa as it does in A. gannascus.

Adhemarius daphne, Yacutinga Private Reserve, Misiones Province,
(near border between Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil), September 2007,
courtesy of Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos.

"This species is frequently confused with A. gannascus. However, the two species are easily separated by the shape of the subapical mark on the forewing costa (Haxaire, 1986). In A. gannascus, this mark is a narrow, comma-shaped lunule, whereas in A. daphne, it is much broader. Haxaire & Herbin (2000) recorded this species from Yocumo [Yacuma] (350m), Department of Beni."

Adhemarius daphne, Itapua, Paraguay, courtesy of Regis Nossent/Fauna Paraguay.

The antemedial line does not extend into the costa in A. daphne.

In Kitching and Cadiou 2000, A. daphne is treated as a synonym of A. gannascus. I believe Jean Haxaire has recently elevated it to full species status. The moth to the right from Puerto Iguazu, Misiones Province, Argentina, courtesy of Oz Rittner, has been confirmed by Jean Haxaire as A. daphne.

FLIGHT TIMES AND PREFERRED FOOD PLANTS:

Adhemarius daphne probably produces at least two broods annually.

In Brazil it has been recorded in March and November. Rodrigo Torres Nunez reports a December 14, 2010, flight in Cundinamarca, Colombia. Johan van't Bosch reports a July flight in Suriname. Brian Flethcher reports an October flight in Amazonas, Peru.

Adhemarius daphne, Eldorado, Santa Marta Mountains, Magdalena, Colombia,
courtesy of Robert Behrstock, tentative id by Bill Oehlke.

Adhemarius daphne, Eldorado, Santa Marta Mountains, Magdalena, Colombia,
courtesy of Robert Behrstock, tentative id by Bill Oehlke.

Adhemarius daphne larval hosts are unknown to me.

Adhemarius daphne, Cundinamarca, Colombia,
111mm, December 14, 2010, courtesy of Rodrigo Torres Nunez.

Adhemarius daphne (verso), Cundinamarca, Colombia,
111mm, December 14, 2010, courtesy of Rodrigo Torres Nunez.

ECLOSION, SCENTING AND MATING:

Adhemarius daphne, Itanhandu, Minas Gerais, Brazil,
March 22, 2010, courtesy of Larry Valentine.

Visit additional Adhemarius daphne images, Itanhandu, Minas Gerais, Brazil, March 22, 2010, courtesy of Larry Valentine.

Visit additional Adhemarius daphne images, Esmeraldas and Morona Santiago, Ecuador, courtesy of Vadim Kroutov.

EGGS, LARVAE AND PUPAE:

Ben Trott sends the Adhemarius daphne larval images from Quintana Roo, Mexico. He writes, "Found on a shrub belonging to the Lauraceae family, very well camouflaged with its blue green morph and spots." The images were originally thought to be A. gannascus, but the emergence of the subsequent adult revealed them as Adhemarius daphne larval images. The adult from the larva is posted above.

Adhemarius daphne fifth instar, Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, Mexico,
courtesy of Ben Trott.

Adhemarius daphne fifth instar, Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, Mexico,
courtesy of Ben Trott.

Larval Food Plants


Listed below are primary food plant(s) and alternate food plants. It is hoped that this alphabetical listing followed by the common name of the foodplant will prove useful. The list is not exhaustive. Experimenting with closely related foodplants is worthwhile.

Lauraceae (BT) .......

Lauraceae

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Adhemarius daphne verso, courtesy of Vadim Kroutov.

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Adhemarius daphne, Abra Patricia Reserve, Amazonas, Peru,
October 10, 2009; 2000m, courtesy of Brian Fletcher.