Enyo ocypete
Updated as per AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF THE SPHINGIDAE OF BOLIVIA, October 2007
Updated as per http://www.pybio.org/MACROGLOSSINAE.htm (Paraguay), October 2007
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos, Argentina, March 2008
Updated as per personal communication with Johan van't Bosch (Mato Grosso, Brazil, October 4), March 2008
Updated as per personal communication with Vladimir Izersky (February, April, 662m, Coviriali, Junin, Peru) December 2008
Updated as per personal communication with Jose Monzon (Guatemala); May 2009
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Bustos (Aguas Blancas, Salta, Argentina, 405m); December 2009
Updated as per Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) de Venezuela, Compilado por: María Esperanza Chacín; December 2009
Updated as per personal communication with Larry Valentine (Itanhandu, Minas Gerais, Brazil, December 2009); January 1, 2010
Updated as per personal communication with Gregory Nielsen (Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia, January 19, 2011, 500m); February 6, 2011
Updated as per French Guiana Systematics; April 12, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Shirley Sekarajasingham (Loreto, Peru, September 24, 2008); October 5, 2012
Updated as per "A Hawk Moths fauna of southern Maranhão state, Brazil, ... "; NEVA: Jahrgang 34 Heft 3 November 2013; via Jean Haxaire; April 5, 2014
Updated as per personal communication with Sergio D. Ríos Díaz in CATÁLOGO DE LOS SPHINGIDAE (INSECTA: LEPIDOPTERA) DEPOSITADOS EN EL MUSEO NACIONAL DE HISTORIA NATURAL DEL PARAGUAY; sent to me in July 2014 by Sergio D. Ríos Díaz.
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Bustos (Shilap revta. lepid. 43 (172) diciembre, 2015, 615-631 eISSN 2340-4078 ISSN 0300-5267), January 4, 2016

Enyo ocypete
EN-yohmmoh-si-PEE-tee
(Linnaeus, 1758) Sphinx

Enyo ocypete female courtesy of Dan Janzen.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.

TAXONOMY:

Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Macroglossinae, Harris, 1839
Tribe: Dilophonotini, Burmeister, 1878
Genus: Enyo Hubner, [1819] ...........
Species: ocypete (Linnaeus, 1758)

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DISTRIBUTION:

Enyo ocypete (wingspan approx. 60 mm) flies from the southern United States through Central America to
Colombia: Meta (GN);
Venezuela: Amazonas, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro, Guarico, Lara, Portuguesa, Tachira, yaracuy;
French Guiana: Kaw;
Brazil: Mato Grosso; Minas Gerais (LV); southern Maranhao;
Peru: Junin: Coviriali (662m); Loreto (SS); and
Bolivia: "Santa Cruz: Andrés Ibáñez; Ichilo, Buena Vista; La Víbora; Florida, Pampa Grande; La Paz: Larecaja, San Agustín, Mapiri, 3500'; Guanay, Mapiri R. 1500'; Santa Cruz: Ichilo, Buena Vista, 750m; Sarah, 450m; German Busch, Puerto Suárez, 150m; Ichilo, Buena Vista; Beni." Jean Haxaire. It also flies throughout
Paraguay: Concepcion; Guaira; Amambay; Presidente Hayes; and in
northern Argentina: Formosa, Misiones, Salta.

Enyo ocypete is very similar to E. lugabris, but ocypete seems to have a lighter, more deeply scalloped area just below the forewing apex. The cell mark is also smaller in ocypete.

Each antenna has a prominent apical brush of scales. On the male hindwing upperside there is a diagnostic pale yellowish-white anal patch.

Females are similar to Enyo lugubris lugubris, but are easily distinguished by the broad brown belt across the base of the abdomen dorsally (this belt is either very narrow or absent in Enyo lugubris lugubris). The forewing upperside has a dark area not sharply defined, prolonged along the antemedian line to posterior margin. The discal spot is small. CATE

Sphinx camertus Cramer, 1780, Surinam, is same as Enyo ocypete.
Sphinx dunam Cramer, 1780, Surinam, is same as Enyo ocypete.

Enyo ocypete, September 6, 2002 - 9:35 PM, courtesy of Steve Graser.

Enyo ocypete male, Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia,
January 19, 2011, 500m, courtesy of Gregory Nielsen.

FLIGHT TIMES:

Enyo ocypete broods continuously in the tropics, south Florida, and Louisiana. Moths are on the wing from August-November in more northern locales. In Bolivia, it has been recorded in January-April, August, October-December.

Vladimir Izersky confirms flights in February and April in Junin, Peru.

Larry Valentine reports a December flight in Minas Grais, Brazil.

Visit Enyo ocypete male and female, live and spread, Coviriali, Junin, Peru, 662m, courtesy of Vladimir Izersky.

Visit Enyo ocypete male (recto and verso), Itanhandu, southern Minas Gerais, Brazil, December, 2009; July 25, 2012, courtesy of Larry Valentine.

Enyo ocypete male, Loreto, Peru,
September 24, 2008, courtesy of Shirley Sekarajasingham, id by Bill Oehlke.

ECLOSION:

Adults eclose from pupae formed in loose cocoons in shallow underground burrows.

Enyo ocypete male courtesy of Dan Janzen.

Enyo ocypete, Yacutinga Private Reserve, Misiones Province,
(near border between Argentina and Brazil), February
courtesy/copyright of Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos.

SCENTING AND MATING:

Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen. Both males and females nectar at flowers during the day, making a strong whirring sound as they hover.

Enyo ocypete, Cristalino Jungle Lodge, Mato Grosso, Brazil,
October 4, 2007, 71m, courtesy/copyright of Johan van't Bosch.

EGGS, LARVAE, PUPAE:

Larvae probably feed on Vitus tiliifolia and other members of the Vitaceae family: Vitis, Cissus rhombifolia, Ampelopsis. Tetracera volubilis, Curatella americana, Tetracera hydrophila and Doliocarpus multiflorus of the Dilleniaceae family also serves as a hosts, as does Ludwigia of the Onagraceae.

The "horn" is very long in early instars and head is relatively large. As the larva matures, the body develops rapidly, leaving the head relatively small and the "horn" relatively short. Mature larvae show considerable variation with one morph being quite pink.

Enyo ocypete larvae courtesy of Dan Janzen.

The pupa is dark and smooth with a sharp cremaster. Moths emerge in as few as fourteen days from pupation date.

Larvae may be parasitized by Belvosia sp. of the Tachinidae family and by Euplectrus floryae of the Eulophidae family.

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