Eupyrrhoglossum sagra
Updated as per pybio.org/SPHINGINAE.htm (Paraguay), November 2007
Updated as per pybio.org/MACROGLOSSINAE.htm (Paraguay), November 2007
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Nunez Bustos (Argentina: Misiones), July 2008
Updated as per personal communication with Shelby Heeter (Dracaena fragrans, Islamorada, Florida Keys, December 22, 2008), January 3, 2009
Updated as per personal communication with Jose Monzon (Guatemala); May 2009
Updated as per More, Kitching and Cocucci's Hawkmoths of Argentina 2005, December 2009
Updated as per AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF THE SPHINGIDAE OF BOLIVIA, December 2009
Updated as per personal communication with Robert Lehman (53mm, 5 km west of La Ceiba, Atlantida, Honduras, October 28, 2009); December 17, 2011
Updated as per "A Hawk Moths fauna of southern Maranhão state, Brazil, ... "; NEVA: Jahrgang 34 Heft 3 November 2013; via Jean Haxaire; April 5, 2014
Updated as per personal communication with Sergio D. Ríos Díaz in CATÁLOGO DE LOS SPHINGIDAE (INSECTA: LEPIDOPTERA) DEPOSITADOS EN EL MUSEO NACIONAL DE HISTORIA NATURAL DEL PARAGUAY; sent to me in July 2014 by Sergio D. Ríos Díaz.
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Bustos (Shilap revta. lepid. 43 (172) diciembre, 2015, 615-631 eISSN 2340-4078 ISSN 0300-5267), January 4, 2016
Updated as per personal communication with Francierlem Oliveira (Extremoz, Rio Grande do Norte); July 26, 2016

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra
(Poey, 1832)

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra, Paraguay, PYBIO.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.

TAXONOMY:

Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Macroglossinae, Harris, 1839
Tribe: Dilophonotini, Burmeister, 1878
Genus: Eupyrrhoglossum Grote, 1865 ...........
Species: sagra Poey, 1832

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Eupyrrhoglossum sagra, Paraguay, PYBIO.

DISTRIBUTION:

The Cuban Sphinx, Eupyrrhoglossum sagra (Wing span: 5.1 - 5.3 cm), flies in tropical and subtropical lowlands in
Cuba and generally from
Mexico and
Belize: Belize, Cayo; to
Guatemala (JM);
Honduras (RL);
Costa Rica;
Bolivia: La Paz, Santa Cruz;
Brazil: southern Maranhao; eastern Rio Grande do Norte
Paraguay: Guaira; Alto Paraguay; Central;
Argentina: Corrientes, Chaco, Misiones, Buenos Aires, Chaco; and
Uruguay. The specimen type locality is Cuba.

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra and Enyo lugubris lugubris, Islamorada, Monroe County, Florida,
December 22, 2008, courtesy of Kevin and Shelby Heeter.

This species occasionally strays into Florida and recently there have been larvae found in Dade County.

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra, Islamorada, Florida Keys, December 22, 2008,
nectaring on corn plants (Dracaena fragrans), courtesy of Kevin Heeter, via Shelby Heeter.

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra, Islamorada, Florida Keys, December 22, 2008,
nectaring on corn plants (Dracaena fragrans), courtesy of Kevin Heeter, via Shelby Heeter.

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra and E. corvus are very similar, but sagra hindwing band is bright yellow and not expanded along upper margin of the hindwing.

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra, Yasuni, Ecuador, September 10, 2002 - 9:16 PM, courtesy of Steve Graser.

FLIGHT TIMES:

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra probably broods continuously in the tropics with adults taken all months except March in Costa Rica. In Venezuela there are records for April flights. Robert Lehman reports an October flight in Le Ceiba, Atlantida, Honduras. Francierlem Oliveira reports a July flight in Extremoz, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

SCENTING AND MATING:

Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen.

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra male courtesy of Dan Janzen.

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra female courtesy of Dan Janzen.

Visit Eupyrrhoglossum sagra male (recto and verso), La Ceiba, Atlantida, Honduras, October 28, 2009, courtesy of Robert Lehman.

EGGS, LARVAE, PUPAE:

Larvae feed on Guettarda macrosperma and Chomelia spinosa and other species in the Rubiaceae family. In Florida larvae have been found on Rough Velvetseed (Guettarda scabra) in the Rubiaceae family. Subsequent pupae emerged in December.

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra dorsal, courtesy of Dan Janzen.

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra courtesy of Dan Janzen.

Eupyrrhoglossum sagra dark colour morph courtesy of Dan Janzen.

Larvae are subject to parasitization by Leschenaultia sp. 14 and Drino piceiventris in the Tachinidae family.

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