Manduca albiplaga
Updated as per personal communication with Jose Monzon (Guatemala); May 2009
Updated as per CATE (Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, Mexico); February 11, 2011
Updated as per French Guiana Sphingidae; March 8, 2011
Updated as per CATE Sphingidae (Mexico, Venezuela, Guyana, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Argentina); March 8, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Harald Kranz (Trinidad, late June 2011); July 10, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Osvaldo Nunez Bustos (Yacutinga Private Reserve, Misiones, Argentina, September 11, 2010); September 27, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Osvaldo Nunez Bustos (larva, Campo Ramón (Misiones), November 27, 2009); October 1, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Sergio D. Ríos Díaz in CATÁLOGO DE LOS SPHINGIDAE (INSECTA: LEPIDOPTERA) DEPOSITADOS EN EL MUSEO NACIONAL DE HISTORIA NATURAL DEL PARAGUAY; sent to me in July 2014 by Sergio D. Ríos Díaz.
Updated as per personal communication with Terry Stoddard (Peten, Guatemala, June, 127mm); August 15, 2015
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Bustos (Shilap revta. lepid. 43 (172) diciembre, 2015, 615-631 eISSN 2340-4078 ISSN 0300-5267), January 4, 2016

Manduca albiplaga
White-plagued Sphinx
man-DOO-kuhM al-bi-PLAY-ga
(Walker, 1856) Macrosila

Manduca albiplaga from Rancho Grande, H. Pittier National Park, Venezuela
courtesy of Paolo Mazzei.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.

TAXONOMY:

Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Sphinginae, Latreille, [1802]
Tribe: Sphingini, Latreille, 1802
Genus: Manduca Hubner, [1807] ...........
Species: albiplaga (Walker, 1856)

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DISTRIBUTION:

The White-plagued Sphinx, Manduca albiplaga (Wing span: 4 3/4 - 7 inches (12 - 18 cm), females larger than males), flies in
Brazil (specimen type locality) and through Central America,
Mexico;
Belize: Toledo;
Guatemala: Izabal (JM); Peten (TS)
Costa Rica: Puntarenas, Lemon, Heredia, San Jose;
to South America:
Colombia ??;
Ecuador;
Peru;
Argentina: Jujuy, Misiones, Salta;
Venezuela;
Trinidad: Radio and Tropospheric Scatter Station at Morne Bleu, (670m high in the northern range), June 27, 2011 (HK);
French Guiana: Kaw.

It also flies in Bolivia: La Paz: Murillo, Río Zongo, 750m; and in Santa Cruz: Santa Cruz, Janson; and in Ichilo, Buena Vista, 450; and in Mutún, 20 miles W of Puerto Suárez, 1500'; and in
Paraguay: Guaira and Canindeyu.

It probably also flies in Suriname and Guyana. This species has been found only once in the United States, in Kansas.

The upperside of the forewing is dark brown, "plagued" with two large white patches.

Manduca albiplaga male, courtesy of Hubert Mayer.

FLIGHT TIMES:

Manduca albiplaga adults fly as two broods from February - May and July - September in Costa Rica. Females are most active from 12:20 am until 2:00 am; males from 2:00 until 4:00. Males come in to lights, females do not.

In Bolivia it has been taken in November. Ezequiel osvaldo Nunez Bustos reports a September flight in Misiones, Argentina.

Manduca albiplaga, Yacutinga Private Reserve, Misiones, Argentina,
September 11, 2010, courtesy of Ezequiel Osvaldo Nunez Bustos

Terry Stoddard reports a June flight in Guatemala.

Manduca albiplaga, Ixpanpajul, 5km S Santa Elena, Peten, Guatemala,
June 5, 2015, 200m, 127mm, courtesy of Terry Stoddard, id by Bill Oehlke.

ECLOSION:

Pupae probably wiggle to surface from subterranean chambers just prior to eclosion.

Manduca albiplaga female courtesy of Dan Janzen.

SCENTING AND MATING:

Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen. Adults take nectar from flowers.

EGGS, LARVAE, PUPAE:

Gregarious larvae have black anal horns and feed on Cordia in the Boraginaceae family and plants in the Annonaceae family, including Rollinia deliciosa. Larvae have also been reported on Manihot esculenta in Brazil (HOSTS).

Manduca albiplaga larva, Campo Ramon, Misiones, Argentina,
November 27, 2009, courtesy of Ezequiel Osvaldo Nunez Bustos.

Ezequiel writes, "I send this image of a Manduca albiplaga from Campo Ramón (Misiones), Argentina at 27/11/2009. This was at an unidentified plant, but it was not Manihot. When we touch, it was very agressive, moving the body and going down to the ground. It was very big, approx. 15 cms or more perhaps. We see only two caterpillars in the place."

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