Updated as per http://biological-diversity.info/sphingidae.htm (Belize), November 2007
Updated as per Fauna Entomologica De Nicarauga, November 2007
Updated as per The Known Sphingidae of Costa Rica, November 2007

Manduca ochus
Klug (1836)

Manduca ochus male courtesy of Dan Janzen.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.


Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Sphinginae, Latreille, [1802]
Tribe: Sphingini, Latreille, 1802
Genus: Manduca Hubner, 1807 ...........
Species: ochus Klug, 1836


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Manduca ochus (Wing span: (119 - 120 mm)), flies in
Mexico, the specimen type locality;
Belize: Cayo;
Nicaragua: Jinotega, Granada, probably Rivas and elsewhere;
to Venezuela; and

The adult cannot be confused with any other sphingid that occurs in Costa Rica: Guanacaste, Puntarenas, Lemon, Heredia, owing to the very distinctive pattern on the front wings. In Costa Rica, adults of M. ochus are known from all kinds of habitats below about 700 m elevation, but they are always at extremely low density at lights.


In Costa Rica there are probably two or three generations annually with moths on the wing in all months except the driest, February-March and July.


Pupae probably wiggle to surface from subterranean chambers just prior to eclosion.

Manduca ochus female courtesy of Dan Janzen.


Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen. Adults nectar at flowers.


Larvae probably feed on plants in the nightshade family (Solanaceae).

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