Cumberland County, New Jersey
Paratrea plebeja, Gloucester County, New Jersey,
Jesse Donovan (JD).
The USGS has extensive records for Cumberland County
with nineteen species recorded. However, Jesse Donovan adds
Ceratomia undulosa and Manduca rustica.
Forty-six Sphingidae species are listed for New Jersey on the BAMONA website as of August 6, 2014. Not all of the species are reported or anticipated in
M. sexta ,
Xylophanes tersa, are reported on BAMONA as of August 6, 2014.
It is hoped
that this checklist, with the thumbnails and notes, will help you quickly identify the caterpillars you are likely to encounter.
I (William Oehlke) have added many species not listed by BAMONA which I expect are present or might be present, although unreported.
Please help me develop this list with improved, documented accuracy by sending sightings (species, date, location), preferably with an
electronic image, via email to Bill Oehlke.
Please also forward you sightings to BAMONA, an excellent on-line resource.
Visit Cumberland County Sphingidae Larvae: Caterpillars; Hornworms
Visit New Jersey Catocala: Underwing Moths
If you are travelling, you can find active Sphingidae checklists for all countries in North, Central, and South America and the Caribbbean via the links at
North, Central, South American Sphingidae checklists
USGS Pink-spotted hawkmoth,
This moth is a very strong flier, but would only make its way to
Cumberland as a rare stray. There are not too many records from
New York state, but records exist for NJ and CT.
the Elm Sphinx or Four-horned Sphinx
This moth is not officially recorded in Cumberland County.
Larvae feed on Elm (Ulmus), birch (Betula), basswood (Tilia), and
This species is recorded for Cumberland.
I have seen them in great numbers in other New Jersey counties.
The larvae feed in large groups and are much more
spectacular than the moths. Catalpa is the larval host.
This moth is now recorded in Cumberland, courtesy of Jesse Donavan.
I have seen them as far north as P.E.I. in
eastern Canada, and took them in New Jersey.
It is named for the
wavy lines on the forewings.
This moth is not recorded in Cumberland. It is widely reported in
other New Jersey counties and in Connecticut.
This moth is reported from Cumberland.
If you have pines, you
probably have this species. It flies on P.E.I.
This moth is reported from Cumberland, and it is widely reported in
New Jersey and along the coast in Connecticut and Masachusetts.
If you've got pines, this species is likely present.
This species is not reported in Cumberland. Generally it is not
widely reported, but still is a remote possibility.
This species is not officially recorded in Cumberland County.
It is reported in New Jersey, southeastern New York and Connecticut.
It might be present in Cumberland County.
This species is officially recorded in Cumberland, and
has also been seen in nearby counties.
I suspect if you grow tomatoes, you are likely to encounter it.
This species is now recorded in Cumberland, and it has been taken in
counties in northeastern and central eastern New Jersey.
Look for three large yellow spots
on each side of the abdomen.
This species is officially recorded in Cumberland.
If you grow tomatoes, you have probably encountered it, though.
Larvae get very large and can strip a tomato plant.
The upperside of the forewing is gray with indistinct black and
white markings. There is a series of black dashes
from the base to the tip, and a small white cell spot.
Sphinx chersis WO, the Northern Ash Sphinx or Great Ash Sphinx
This species is not reported in Cumberland. Larval hosts are ash,
lilac, privet, cherry, and quaking aspen. unlikely
This species is not officially reported in Cumberland. We have them
on P.E.I., but I do not see them nearly as frequently
as I see the other Sphingidae.
This species is not reported in Cumberland, and generally it is
not widely reported anywhere. Similar to S. kalmiae but lacks the dark bar
along the fw inner margin.
This species is reported in Cumberland. Generally it is
widely reported in neighbouring counties.
Note the pm line, absent in Sphinx poecila which flies
more to the north.
This species is not officially reported in Cumberland.
I have taken them on P.E.I., Canada, and reared them on
At rest the hindwings are usually completely covered.
This moth is fairly widely reported in New Jersey.
This is the first Sphinx species I reared as a boy in New Jersey.
See the file for the female; she is different.
the Modest Sphinx or Poplar Sphinx
This moth is not officially recorded in Cumberland County. It is fond
of poplars and
They are common on Prince Edward Island.
This appears to be an uncommon species.
They are officially
recorded for Cumberland.
Named for the dull grey-blue spot (minus dark pupil) in the hindwing,
this moth has a wide distribution and is probably common in Gloucester
I regularly see them on Prince Edward Island, and they are reported
as far south as Florida.
Named for the small eye-spot in the hindwing, this moth has a wide distribution
and is probably common in Cumberland County.
I regularly see them on Prince Edward Island, and they are reported
as far south as Florida.
This moth is widely distributed and fairly common.
Along the East Coast, it flies from P.E.I. to Florida.
USGS, the Hummingbird Clearwing
This interesting day flier is reported in Cumberland, and
is widely reported to the north, east and west.
They are widely distributed in the east from P.E.I. to Florida.
Snowberry Clearwing or Bumblebee Moth
This moth is widespread and has been officially recorded in
Cumberland. It has been confirmed in northwestern N.J. and
southeastern N.Y. and Connecticut.
Hemaris gracilis WO, the
Slender Clearwing or Graceful Clearwing
This day-flying moth is less common and has not been recorded in
Cumberland, but has been seen in northeastern N.J. and
southeastern N.Y. unlikely
This moth is not officially reported for Cumberland, but
it is fairly often reported
along the coast from southern New Jersey
to central Maine.
Note the differences between this moth and the Pandorus Sphinx.
If you have Grape or Virginia Creeper nearby, then you probably have
I often get asked to identify larvae from areas not
This day flier is widely distributed. If you have Virginia Creeper, you
probably have the Nessus Sphinx. It is reported from
Two bright, distinct, narrow yellow
bands are often visible on the abdomen.
They are common in New Jersey and common
here on Prince Edward Island.
You will often see this species listed as Darapsa pholus,
especially in older literature.
It is officially confirmed
USGS, the Virginia Creeper Sphinx or the Grapevine Sphinx
This moth is recorded on the U.S.G.S. site for Cumberland County.
It is widely reported as far north as southern Maine. If you have the
foodplants indicated in the common names, you probably have this
If you have hydrangea growing near a stream, then you may have the
It has been reported in Cumberland County.
This species has not been officialy recorded in Cumberland.
Grape (Vitis), ampelopsis (Ampelopsis), and Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus) all serve as larval hosts.
Hyles lineata USGS, the White-lined Sphinx
This species is officially reported from Cumberland County. It has
strong migrating tendancies from much further south.
There are records from New Hampshire and Maine.
This moth is very much under reported across the United States. It
is a rapid day flier so is probably not in too many collections.
Grape is a popular larval host. It is likely in Cumberland.
This moth is much more common to the south. It is a strong migrant,
however. I have taken a specimen in Hunterdon County, to the north.
Enjoy some of nature's wonderments, giant silk moth cocoons.
These cocoons are for sale winter and fall. Beautiful Saturniidae moths will emerge the following spring and summer.
Read Actias luna rearing article. Additional online help available.
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