Updated as per AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF THE SPHINGIDAE OF BOLIVIA, October 2007
Updated as per http://www.pybio.org/MACROGLOSSINAE.htm (Paraguay), October 2007
Updated as per More, Kitching and Cocucci's Hawkmoths of Argentina 2005, October, 2007
Upfated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos (Argentina), Ocotber 2007
Updated as per The Known Sphingidae of Costa Rica, November 2007
Updated as per personal communication with Jose Monzon (Guatemala); May 2009
Updated as per French GUiana Systematics: Sphingidae; May 14, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Sergio D. Ríos Díaz in CATÁLOGO DE LOS SPHINGIDAE (INSECTA: LEPIDOPTERA) DEPOSITADOS EN EL MUSEO NACIONAL DE HISTORIA NATURAL DEL PARAGUAY; sent to me in July 2014 by Sergio D. Ríos Díaz.
Updated as per personal communication with Vadim Kroutov (Rio Monzon, Huanuco, Peru, male 52mm); February 22, 2015
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Bustos (Shilap revta. lepid. 43 (172) diciembre, 2015, 615-631 eISSN 2340-4078 ISSN 0300-5267), January 4, 2016
This site has been created by Bill Oehlke. Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.
Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Eurides Furtado reports them from Mato Grosso, Brazil. They fly as far south as southern Uruguay.
Perigonia ilus, Mato Grosso, Brazil, courtesy of Eurides Furtado.
Perigonia ilus male, 52mm, Rio Monzon, Huanuco, Peru,
courtesy of Vadim Kroutov.
Perigonia ilus male (verso), 52mm, Rio Monzon, Huanuco, Peru,
courtesy of Vadim Kroutov.
Visit Perigonia ilus, Misiones, Argentina, courtesy/copyright Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos.
SCENTING AND MATING:
Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen. Adults nectar at flowers.
Here is a "pair that came to the house light in copulation. Note that she is old and worn, and he is very new and fresh.
It was very hard to separate them without tearing abdomens, even when newly killed and relaxed.
When they were flying, both had their wings going frantically."
Image and information courtesy of Dan Janzen
Perigonia lusca/ilus, Las Cruces Castillo de Canas, Guanacaste, Costa Rica,
May 9, 2006, 127m, courtesy of Gernot Kunz
Ezequiel Bustos writes, "This is one of the most common species in Misiones province, Argentina, especially because the larvae feed in the Ilex paraguariensis plantations (yerba mate), the national drink of Argentina."
Ilex paraguariensis is a species of holly (family Aquifoliaceae) native to subtropical South America. People steep the dry leaves (and twigs) in hot water, rather than boiling water. The beverage is a slightly less potent stimulant than coffee and it is much gentler on the stomach.
Moths emerge in as few as twelve days after pupation.
Larvae are subject to parasitization by Thyreodon maculipennis subfamily Ophioninae, family Ichneumonidae.
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