This site has been created by
Bill Oehlke at firstname.lastname@example.org
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.
Images and information on this page are from Don Herbison-Evans (Australia).
Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
copyright C. Odenkirk
The adult moth has long narrow wings which are a grey-brown colour, with a darker, wavy pattern. The abdomen is grey with a dark dorsal line.
The moth typically rests with the tip of the abdomen curled under the body.
The male can make a hissing sound by rubbing parts of its body together.
Psilogramma menephron adults
probably fly from April to July, but that is just a guess.
The Caterpillar is an agricultural pest on Olive trees (Olea europaea, OLEACEAE), but is perhaps most often found in suburbia on Privet (Ligustrum vulgare, OLEACEAE ), Jasmine (Jasminum officinale, OLEACEAE ), and Australian Native Olive (Olea paniculata, OLEACEAE), but also feeds on other plants in the families: OLEACEAE and BIGNONIACEAE.
Psilogramma menephron, Waikoloa, Hawaii, January 7, 2007,
courtesy of Michael F. O'Brien
Psilogramma menephron prepupal fifth instar, Kapolei, Hawaii,
December 31, 2012, Leslie and Samuel Rush, via Justin Rush, tentative id by Bill Oehlke.
For care of "found larvae/caterpillars" visit Manduca sexta August 21, 2008, Trina Woodall.
This Caterpillar is green with a strong curved horn on its tail pointing backwards, and a series of diagonal white stripes on its sides.
The coloration of the Caterpillar looks very striking, but when the Caterpillar is on a Privet bush, the spacing of the stripes is about the same as that of the leaves, and the Caterpillar becomes very hard to see. This use of colour to hide is a form of camouflage called disruptive coloration.
The Caterpillar is most easily located by observing the black fecal pellets under the bush where it is feeding.
When disturbed, the Caterpillar lifts the front of its body, and bends its head underneath, exposing a series of white warts on its shoulders.
It grows to a length of about 90--110mm and has both green and brown forms.
Larval hosts include the following: Campsis, Clytostoma, Dolichandrone, Oroxylum, Pandorea, Podranea, Spathodea, Tecome (Bignoniaceae); Buxus (Buxaceae); Lonicera, Viburnum (Caprifoliaceae); Casuarina (Casuarinaceae); Pangium (Flacourtiaceae); Perilla (Labiatae); Melia (Meliaceae); Fraxinus, Jasminum, Ligustrum, Notelaea, Nyctanthes, Olea, Osmanthus, Syringa (Oleaceae); Sesamum (Pedaliaceae); Antirrhinum, Paulownia, Hebe (Scrophulariaceae); Callicarpa, Clerodendrum, Gmelina, Tectona, Vitex (Verbenaceae).
The pupa, (48--60mm long) like that of many Hawk Moths, has a separate compartment at one end in which the haustellum develops.
Pupation is under leaf litter and loose soil at ground surface.
Sphingidae of Hawaii
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