Pachylioides resumens
Updated as per http://www.pybio.org/SPHINGINAE.htm (Paraguay), November 2007
Updated as per http://www.pybio.org/MACROGLOSSINAE.htm (Paraguay)
Updated as per personal communication with Johan van't Bosch (Mato Grosso, Brazil, September 23), March 2008
Updated as per More, Kitching and Cocucci's Hawkmoths of Argentina 2005, March 2008
Updated as per personal communication with Larry Valentine (Itanhandu, Minas Gerais, Brazil, May 4, 2009); May 4, 2009
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Bustos (Aguas Blancas, Salta, Argentina, 405m); December 2009
Updated as per AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF THE SPHINGIDAE OF BOLIVIA, December 2009
Updated as per personal communication with Andres Urbas (Camp Caiman, near Kaw, French Guiana, April 1, 2011); May 7, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Gregory Nielsen (Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia, June 17, 2011, 500m); June 30, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Brian Fletcher (Rancho Naturalista Lodge, Cartago, Costa Rica, October 24, 2007, 900m); March 18, 2014
Updated as per "A Hawk Moths fauna of southern Maranhão state, Brazil, ... "; NEVA: Jahrgang 34 Heft 3 November 2013; via Jean Haxaire; April 5, 2014
Updated as per personal communication with Sergio D. Ríos Díaz in CATÁLOGO DE LOS SPHINGIDAE (INSECTA: LEPIDOPTERA) DEPOSITADOS EN EL MUSEO NACIONAL DE HISTORIA NATURAL DEL PARAGUAY; sent to me in July 2014 by Sergio D. Ríos Díaz.
Updated as per personal communication with Tony James (Radisson, Panama, Panama, April 21, 2015); May 6 2015
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Bustos (Shilap revta. lepid. 43 (172) diciembre, 2015, 615-631 eISSN 2340-4078 ISSN 0300-5267), January 4, 2016

Pachylioides resumens
pack-il-EE-oy-desMrez-ZOO-mens
(Walker, 1856) Pachylia

Pachylioides resumens, Paraguay, PYBIO.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.

TAXONOMY:

Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Macroglossinae, Harris, 1839
Tribe: Dilophonotini, Burmeister, 1878
Genus: Pachylioides Hodges, 1971 ...........
Species: ficus Walker, 1856

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DISTRIBUTION:

Pachylioides resumens (Wing span: 3 1/2 - 4 inches (6.3 - 10.2 cm)) flies in
Argentina: Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Chaco, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Misiones, Tucuman, Salta (405m EB);
Brazil: Mato Grosso (JvB); Minas Gerais (LV); southern Maranhao;
Bolivia: Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz;
Paraguay: Asuncion, Alto Paraguay, Boqueron, Presidente Hayes, Concepcion, Amambay, San Pedro, Canindeyu, Caaguazu, Cordillera, Paraguari, Guaira, Caazapa, Misiones, Alto Parana, and (probably Central and Itapua);
north through Ecuador: Napo and Pastaza: Yasuni;
French Guiana: Kaw;
probably Suriname and probably Guyana and probably Peru;
Venezuela;
Colombia: Meta; Bogota; and Central America:
Panama: Panama: Radisson (TJ);
and Costa Rica: Cartago (BF); to
Mexico, and the West Indies. Strays occasionally find their way into southern Texas and southeastern Wyoming.

The forewing tip is hooked. The upperside of the forewing is gray-brown with dark brown incomplete wavy lines and dark brown and orange shading.

The upperside of the hindwing has orange shading and dark brown patches at the tip and in the center.

Pachylioides resumens, Yasuni, Ecuador, (September 7, 2002 - 1:45 AM), courtesy of Steve Graser.

Pachylioides resumens female, Arenal Lodge, Costa Rica,
September 22, 2008, courtesy of Tony James.

Pachylioides resumens 100mm, Radisson, Panama, Panama,
April 21, 2015, courtesy of Tony James.

Pachylioides resumens, Rancho Naturalista Lodge, Cartago, Costa Rica,
October 24, 2007, 900m, courtesy of Brian Fletcher.

FLIGHT TIMES:

There are several flights throughout the year in the tropics.

In northeastern Argentina (Misiones Province) there is at least one flight in December (Oz Rittner). Larry Valentine confirms May and January flights in Itanhandu, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Andres Urbas reports an April 1, 2011, flight near Kaw, French Guiana. Gregory Nielsen reports a June flight in Meta, Colombia.

Visit Pachylioides resumens, Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia, courtesy of Gregory Nielsen.

Pachylia resumens, camp Caiman, near Kaw, French Guiana,
April 1, 2011, courtesy of Andres Urbas.

Pachylioides resumens male, courtesy of Hubert Mayer copyright.

Pachylioides resumens, Itanhandu, Minas Gerais, Brazil,
May 4, 2009, courtesy of Larry Valentine copyright.

Pachylioides resumens, Itanhandu, Minas Gerais, Brazil,
January 6, 2010, courtesy of Larry Valentine copyright.

Pachylioides resumens (verso), Itanhandu, Minas Gerais, Brazil,
January 6, 2010, courtesy of Larry Valentine copyright.

ECLOSION:

Moths emerge from pupae in thin-walled cocoons under leaf litter.

Pachylioides resumens male courtesy of Dan Janzen.

Pachylioides resumens female courtesy of Dan Janzen.

SCENTING AND MATING:

Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen.

Pachylioides resumens female, courtesy of Hubert Mayer copyright.

EGGS, LARVAE, PUPAE:

Females lay eggs on Echites species in the dogbane family (Apocynaceae). Echites umbellata, Ficus and Ficus carica are listed as larval hosts.

Larvae pupate in cocoons spun amongst leaf litter.

Pachylioides resumens, fifth instar, Itanhandu, Minas Gerais, Brazil, courtesy of Larry Valentine.

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