Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Bustos (Aguas Blancas, Salta, Argentina, 405m); December 2009
Updated as per More, Kitching and Cocucci's Hawkmoths of Argentina 2005, December 2009
Updated as per AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF THE SPHINGIDAE OF BOLIVIA, December 2009
Updated as per personal communication with Rodrigo Torres Nunez (108mm, Cundinamarca, Colombia, December 14, 2010); May 22, 2010
Updated as per personal communication with Humberto Calero Mejia (106mm, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia, July 5, 2011); October 12, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Jose Ramon Alvarez Corral (Barinas; Merida, Venezuela) May 28, 2012; ongoing
Updated as per personal communication with Sergio D. Ríos Díaz in CATÁLOGO DE LOS SPHINGIDAE (INSECTA: LEPIDOPTERA) DEPOSITADOS EN EL MUSEO NACIONAL DE HISTORIA NATURAL DEL PARAGUAY; sent to me in July 2014 by Sergio D. Ríos Díaz.
Updated as per personal communication with Joanna Rodriguez Ramirez (Buenos Aires, Argentina), January 21, 2015
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Bustos (Shilap revta. lepid. 43 (172) diciembre, 2015, 615-631 eISSN 2340-4078 ISSN 0300-5267), January 4, 2016

Pachylia syces syces
(Hübner, [1822] 1816)

Pachylia syces courtesy of John Vriesi.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.

TAXONOMY:

Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Macroglossinae, Harris, 1839
Tribe: Dilophonotini, Burmeister, 1878
Genus: Pachylia Walker, 1856 ...........
Species: syces syces Hubner, 1819

DISTRIBUTION:

Pachylia syces syces (approx. wingspan: 108mm) flies from
Mexico:
Belize: Corozol, Cayo;
Honduras, etc. to
Colombia: Cundinamarca (RTN);
Venezuela: (Barinas; Merida, Venezuela (JRAC));
Brazil: Sao Paulo (Andreia Fernandes);
Bolivia: Beni, La Paz;
Paraguay: Asuncion; Central; and
Argentina: Entre Rios, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta (405m EB), Buenos Aires (JRR).

Pachylia syces syces, Costa Rica, courtesy of Dan Janzen.

FLIGHT TIMES:

There are probably several flights throughout the year. Rodrigo Torres Nunez reports a December 14, 2010 flight in Cundinamarca, Colombia. Humberto Calero Mejia reports a July 5, 2011 flight in Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Andreia fernandes reports an August flight in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Pachylia syces syces, Cundinamarca, Colombia,
1084mm, December 14, 2010, courtesy of Rodrigo Torres Nunez,
id by Bill Oehlke.

Pachylia syces syces (verso), Cundinamarca, Colombia,
108mm, December 14, 2010, courtesy of Rodrigo Torres Nunez,
id by Bill Oehlke.

ECLOSION:

Larvae pupate in thin walled cocoons under leaf litter.

Pachylia syces, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia,
106mm, July 5, 2011, 991m, courtesy of Humberto Calero Mejia.

Pachylia syces (verso), Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia,
106mm, July 5, 2011, 991m, courtesy of Humberto Calero Mejia.

SCENTING AND MATING:

Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen.

EGGS, LARVAE, PUPAE:

Larvae are reported to feed on Ficus microcarpa, Ficus prinoides, Ficus ovalis and Artocarpus integrifolia in Brazil.

In the early instars, larvae greatly resemble Pseudosphinx tetrio or a coral snake. They thrash about when disturbed and also "squeak".

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