Updated as per J. B. Heppner, Checklist Part 4B, 1996, January 3, 2005
Updated as per K & C Hawkmoths of the World, 2000, January 3, 2005
Updated as per Sphingidae Taxonomic Inventory, Ian Kitching, March 16, 2017

SMERINTHINI

Adhemarius dariensis male courtesy of Dan Janzen.

The tribe Smerinthini belongs to the subfamily Sphinginae of the family Sphingidae. Click on the hypertext below to access files. The first "country" listed is the specimen type locality indicated by the "namer".

Courtesy of Tony Pittaway:

TRIBE SMERINTHINI, Grote & Robinson, 1865

Type genus: Smerinthus Latreille, [1802].

A tribe of more than 200 species distributed throughout the Old World, but with 10 species in the Holarctic region north of Mexico.

IMAGO: Forewing primarily yellow-brown, greyish lilac or green, with a few crossbands and spots. Hindwing usually with a brownish or reddish brown field; crossbands reduced to a pale or ocellate spot at anal angle. Proboscis often atrophied. Spines on caudal margins of abdominal terga generally diffuse.

Genitalia: Male with uncus variable, with a flat, entire or split tip; gnathos absent, bilobate or entire; sacculus with two simple or bilobate processes and pectens; saccus not well developed; aedeagus relatively short and often with a stout apical cornutus. Valva often with pouches on inner surface distally. Female with ductus bursa usually broad and short.

LARVA: Horn developed, except in Pachysphinx; cuticle rough with fine tubercles; oblique lateral stripes present, sometimes in combination with longitudinal lines. Body usually tapering forward from abdominal segment 5.

PUPA: Proboscis fused to body. Labrum displaced ventrally. Abdominal segments 5--7 with 1--4 interrupted, punctate furrows over each spiracle.

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Genus: Adhemarius, Oiticica Filho, 1939:
Amplypterus, is same as Adhemarius

P blanchardorum (Hodges, 1985), Texas
P daphne (Boisduval, [1875]) Brazil
P Adhemarius daphne interrupta (Closs, 1915), Mexico, Costa Rica
P dariensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1916), Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama
P dentoni (B. P. Clark, 1916), Peru, Ecuador
P donysa donysa (Druce, 1889), Mexico
P eurysthenes (R. Felder, [1874]), Colombia
Ambulyx crethon (Boisduval, [1875]), Peru, Bolivia, ?, is same as eurysthenes
Ambulyx schausi (Rothschild, 1894), Brazil, is same as eurysthenes
P fulvescens (Closs, 1911) Mexico, Nicaragua, Costa Rica
P gagarini (Zikan, 1935), Brazil
P gannascus cubanus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1908), Cuba
P gannascus gannascus (Stoll, 1790), Surinam, Peru
Ambulyx rostralis (Boisduval, 1870), Nicaragua, is same as gannascus gannascus
Ambulyx janus (Boisduval, 1870), Guatemala, is same as gannascus gannascus
Ambulyx daphne (Boisduval, [1875]), Brazil, is same as gannascus gannascus, elevated to species status
Amplypterus f. connexa (Closs, 1911), Brazil, is same as gannascus gannascus
Amplypterus f. fulvescens (Closs, 1911), Mexico, is same as gannascus gannascus
Amplypterus f. grisescens (Closs, 1911), Colombia, is same as gannascus gannascus
Amplypterus f. rubra (Closs, 1911), Venezuela, is same as gannascus gannascus
Amplypterus f. acostalis (Closs, 1915), Mexico, is same as gannascus gannascus
Amplypterus f. interrupta (Closs, 1915), Mexico, is same as gannascus gannascus; now supspecies of daphne
Amplypterus f. mollis (Gehlen, 1928), Brazil, is same as gannascus gannascus
Amplypterus f. magicus (Gehlen, 1928), Colombia, is same as gannascus gannascus
Amplypterus germanus (Zikan, 1934), Brazil, is same as gannascus gannascus
P gannascus jamaicensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1915), Jamaica
N germanus (Zikan, 1934), provisional
P globifer (Dyar, 1912), Mexico
Adhemarius jamaicensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1915) gannascus like species from Jamaica
P mexicanus Balc醶ar & Beutelspacher, 2001 Mexico
P palmeri (Boisduval, [1875]), Brazil, Peru, Colombia; Venezuela, French Guiana, Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina, possibly Paraguay, southern Nicaragua, Costa Rica, probably Panama, Guyana, Suriname.
Amplypterus marginata (Butler, 1875), Brazil, is same as palmeri
Amplypterus brasiliensis (B. P. Clark, 1916), Brazil, is synonym for palmeri
Amplypterus f. rubricunda (Closs, 1916), Brazil, is same as palmeri
Amplypterus f. rubrimargo (Gehlen, 1926), Brazil, is same as palmeri
Amplypterus f. flavellus (Gehlen, 1926), Brazil, is form with yellow hindwings, same as palmeri
Amplypterus f. flavus (Niepelt, 1928), Brazil, is same as palmeri
P roessleri Eitschberger, 2002 northern Peru
P sexoculata (Grote, 1867), Brazil, Peru
Ambulyx depuiseti (Oberthur, 1881), Colombia, is same as sexoculata
N tigrina coronata (Gehlen, 1930), Colombia
P tigrina tigrina (R. Felder, 1874), Venezuela, Peru
P ypsilon (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903), Costa Rica, Peru, Bolivia, French Guiana

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Genus: Amorpha, Hubner, [1819]:
Cressonia, Grote & Robinson, 1865 is same as Amorpha
P juglandis (J. E. Smith, 1797) , Georgia, U.S.A.,
Smerinthus pallens (Strecker, 1873), Texas, is same as juglandis
Cressonia robinsoni (Butler, 1877), New York, is same as juglandis
Cressonia var. hyperbola (Slosson, 1890), Florida, is same as juglandis
Cressonia alpina (B. P. Clark, 1927), Texas, is same as juglandis
Cressonia manitobae (B. P. Clark, 1930), Manitoba, is same as juglandis

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Genus: Monarda, Druce, 1896:

P oryx Druce, 1896 Mexico

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Orecta comus Species: Orecta comus Haxaire & Mielke, C., 2013 . Usage: valid. Reference: A hawk moths fauna of southern Maranh鉶 state, Brazil, with description of a new species of Orecta Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 and the female of Nyceryx mielkei Haxaire, 2009 (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) 110. Type data: HOLOTYPE ? Brazil: Maranh鉶, Feira Nova do Maranh鉶, retiro, 480m, 24-31.xii.2011, 7񲞭1擲 462641擶 (C. Mielke) [UFPC].

Orecta titana Haxaire, [2014] . Usage: valid. Reference: Description de cinq nouveaux Sphingidae n閛tropicaux et asiatiques (Lepidoptera Sphingidae) et notes sur Nyceryx riscus (Schaus, 1890) 31. Type data: HOLOTYPE ? Bolivia: La Paz department, Noryungas Province, 1000-1800m, xii.2008 (搇ocal collector) (BoLD BC-Hax5020) [coll. Haxaire]. and Peru

Genus: Orecta, Rothschild & Jordan, 1903:

N acuminata B. P. Clark, 1923 Argentina
N fruhstorferi B. P. Clark, 1916 Venezuela
P lycidas eos (Burmeister, 1875) Argentina
P lycidas lycidas (Boisduval, [1875]) Brazil
Ambulyx tithonus (Kirby, 1886), Brazil, is same as lycidas lycidas
P venedictoffae Cadiou, 1995 Ecuador

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Genus: Pachysphinx, Rothschild & Jordan, 1903:
P modesta (Modest Sphinx Moth) (Harris, 1839)
borealis Clark, 1929 is same as modesta
cablei (von Reizenstein, 1881) is same as modesta
populicola (Boisduval, [1875]) is same as modesta
princeps (Walker, 1856) is same as modesta
P occidentalis occidentalis (Big Poplar Sphinx Moth) (H. Edwards, 1875) California, U.S.A.
Smerinthus imperator (Strecker, 1877), Arizona, is same as occidentalis occidentalis
Smerinthus imperator f. kunzei Rothschild & Jordan 1903, Arizona, is same as occidentalis occidentalis
N occidentalis peninsularis Cary, 1963 Mexico
N occidentalis regalis Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 Mexico

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Genus: Paonias, Hubner [1819]:
Calasymbolus, Grote, 1873 is same as Paonias

P astylus (Huckleberry Sphinx Moth) (Drury, 1773) eastern U.S.
integerrima (Harris, 1833) is same as astylus
io (Guerin-Meneville, 1829[-1831]) is same as astylus
P excaecata (Blinded Sphinx Moth) (J. E. Smith, 1797) most of U.S.A. and southern Canada
borealis (Clark, 1929) is same as excaecata
pavonina Geyer, 1837 is same as excaecata
pecosensis (Cockerell, 1905) is same as excaecata
N myops macrops (Gehlen, 1933) Mexico; As of 2002, elevated to full species status.
P myops (Small-eyed Sphinx Moth) (J. E. Smith, 1797) Georgia, U.S.A.
Smerinthus rosacearum (Boisduval [1836]), North America, is same as myops
Smerinthus var. cerasi (Boisduval [1875]), is same as myops
Smerinthus var. sorbi (Boisduval [1875]), is same as myops
Smerinthus var. tiliastri (Boisduval [1875]), is same as myops
Calasymbolus occidentalis (B. P. Clark, 1919), Colorado, U.S.A., is same as myops
Calasymbolus mccrearyi (B. P. Clark, 1929), Manitoba, Canada, is same as myops
P wolfei Cadiou & Haxaire, 1997 Mexico
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Genus: Protambulyx, Rothschild & Jordan, 1903:

P astygonus (Boisduval, [1875]) Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil
P carteri Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 Bahamas; equated with strigilis, James P. Tuttle, 2007, based on rearing results
P euryalus Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
P eurycles (Herrich-Schaffer, [1855]) Suriname, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Guyana, French Guiana, Brazil
fasciatus Gehlen, 1927, Brazil, is the same as eurycles
australis B. P. Clark, 1937, Brazil, is the same as eurycles
rydbergi Gehlen, 1933, Panama, is the same as eurycles
xanthus Rothschild & Jordan, 1906, Costa Rica, is the same as eurycles
P goeldii goeldii Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 Brazil
andicus Gehlen, 1928, Colombia, is the same as goeldii goeldii
goeldii marcata (Schaus, 1912), is the same as goeldii goeldii
P ockendeni Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 Peru
P strigilis strigilis (Linnaeus, 1771) America
strigilis portoricensis, B.P. Clark, 1931, Puerto Rico, is the same as strigilis strigilis
var. rubripennis (Butler, 1877), Haiti, is the same as strigilis strigilis
ab. turarem Lichy, 1943, Venezuela, is the same as strigilis strigilis
P sulphurea (Rothschild, 1894) Venezuela
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There are quite a few species in this genus that are found outside the Americas.

Genus: Smerinthus, Latreille, [1802]:

P cerisyi (One-eyed Sphinx Moth) Kirby, 1837 North America
astarte Strecker, [1885], Colorado, is same as cerisyi
borealis B. P. Clark, 1929, Manitoba, Canada, is same as cerisyi
nigrescens B. P. Clark, 1919, California, is same as cerisyi
pallidulus H. Edwards, 1855, U.S.A., is same as cerisyi
vancouveriensis Butler, [1877], British Columbia, Canada, is same as cerisyi
P jamaicensis (Twin-spotted Sphinx Moth) (Drury, 1773) most of U.S.A. and southern Canada
clarckii Franck, 1913, is same as jamaicensis
flavitincta Nixon,1912, is same as jamaicensis
gamma Cockerell, 1925, is same as jamaicensis
geminatus Say, 1824, is same as jamaicensis
tripartitus (Grote, 1886), is same as jamaicensis
P opthalmica Boisduval, 1855, California, is resurrected as distinct species
P saliceti (Salicet sphinx Moth) Boisduval [1875] Mexico

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Genus: Trogolegnum, Rothschild & Jordan, 1903:

P pseudambulyx (Boisduval, [1875]) Mexico

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