Updated as per AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF THE SPHINGIDAE OF BOLIVIA, October 2007
Updated as per Catalogo de las Especies de Sphingidae en Honduras, Ana Clariza Samayoa and Ronald D. Cave; December 2009
Updated as per CATE Sphingidae (description, French Guiana, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia); May 18, 2011
Updated as per French Guiana Systematics: Sphingidae; May 18, 2011
This site has been created by
Bill Oehlke at
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.
Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
copyright C. Odenkirk
Chaerocampa thalassina Clemens, 1859, Guyana, is the same as Xylophanes amadis amadis.
The worn specimen below is from French Guiana. I believe this species flies as far north as Honduras, but it is not reported in Costa Rica by Dan Janzen so it may be limited to South America. Possibly the Catalogo de las Especies de Sphingidae en Honduras is in error. I do not know for sure, but if that report is correct, it probably also flies in most of Central America.
Possibly it is in Colombia, but I have no confirmed reports.
The forewing is deep green, but fades to brown as specimens age. There is a black basal patch present on the inner margin. The two, thin, convex antemedian lines are dark green and are more prominent in their upper halves. There is a single prominent, dark green, slightly s-shaped, postmedian line running from the body along the inner margin to near midpoint before curving to the apex. The pm line shades off externally, but is sharply defined on its inward side by a pale, almost white border. There are two or three internmal vestigial postmedian lines, either very thin and evenly curved or represented only by vein spots. The thin dentate submarginal line often consists of only a series of vein spots. The small, black discal spot is followed by a dark green cloud. There are usually some diffuse preapical blotches along the costa.
The hindwing median band is buff, often with a greenish tint. It may be entirely or partially interrupted by black projections running along the veins from the basal black area to the dark outer margin.
Xylophanes amadis amadis Camp Caiman, near Kaw, French Guiana,
April 24, 2011, courtesy of Andres Urbas.
The pronunciation of scientific names is
troublesome for many. The "suggestion" at the top of the page is
merely a suggestion. It is based on commonly
accepted English pronunciation of Greek names and/or some
fairly well accepted "rules" for latinized scientific names.
The suggested pronunciations, on this page and on other pages,
are primarily put forward to assist those who hear with internal
ears as they read.
There are many collectors from different countries whose
intonations and accents would be different.
"Xylo" is the Greek word for wood. The specimen type for the genus
Xylophanes is Xylophanes anubus. Perhaps ? when Hubner
examined that species, the yellow-orange and brown tones of the
forewings suggested wings of wood.
The suggested pronunciations, on this page and on other pages, are primarily put forward to assist those who hear with internal ears as they read.
There are many collectors from different countries whose intonations and accents would be different.
"Xylo" is the Greek word for wood.
The specimen type for the genus Xylophanes is Xylophanes anubus. Perhaps ? when Hubner examined that species, the yellow-orange and brown tones of the forewings suggested wings of wood.The species name "amadis" means "love of God".
Xylophanes amadis male, courtesy of Hubert Mayer copyright.
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Xylophanes amadis male, Saul, French Guiana,
on my home computer only.