Xylophanes elara
Updated as per AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF THE SPHINGIDAE OF BOLIVIA, October 2007
Updated as per http://www.pybio.org/SPHINGINAE.htm (Paraguay), October 2007
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Nunez Bustos (Shilap, December, 2016), January 2, 2017

Xylophanes elara
(Druce, 1878)

A green moth, "faded" to brown, with damaged outer margin below fw apex.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.

TAXONOMY:

Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Macroglossinae, Harris, 1839
Tribe: Macroglossini, Harris, 1839
Genus: Xylophanes Hubner [1819] ...........
Species: elara Druce, 1878

DISTRIBUTION:

Xylophanes elara moths fly in
Paraguay: Guaira, Alto Parana, Caazapa (possibly Caaguazu and Itapua (WO??));
Surinam: ;
Venezuela: ;
Bolivia: Santa Cruz: Guarayos, Perseverancia; Ichilo, Buena Vista, (750m); and
Brazil. Ezequiel Bustos has recently sent me copy of a publication recording this species in
Argentina: Misiones.

The Misiones, Argentina image is of a much greener moth without the deep excavations just below the forewing tip, indicating an incomplete/damaged and sun exposed/"browned" specimen at the top of the page. There is a small, black, distinct, forewing cell spot in this species. The forewing outer margin, below the slightly excavated apex, is noticeably convex.

Xylophanes elara, El Dorado, Misiones, Argentina,
October 2, 2015, courtesy of Ezequiel N. Bustos, on my home computer only.

FLIGHT TIMES:

Xylophanes elara adults fly in March-April and August in Bolivia. Ezequiel reports an October flight in Misiones, Argentina.

ECLOSION:

Pupae probably wiggle to surface from subterranean chambers just prior to eclosion.

SCENTING AND MATING:

Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen. Males come in to lights very readily, but females are seldom taken in that way.

EGGS, LARVAE, PUPAE:

Larvae probably feed on members of the Rubiaceae or Malvaceae families.

Moths emerge approximately one-two months after larvae pupate.

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Xylophanes elara documentation in Argentina. On my home computer only.