Xylophanes eumedon
Updated as per CATE, December 2, 2008

Xylophanes fernandezi
Chacin, Clavijo, & De Marmels, 1996

Xylophanes fernandezi, Venezuela, from Hawkmoths of Venezuela,
courtesy of Dr. María Esperanza Chacín and José Clavijo A., Ph.D.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.


Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Macroglossinae, Harris, 1839
Tribe: Macroglossini, Harris, 1839
Genus: Xylophanes Hubner [1819] ...........
Species: fernandezi


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Xylophanes fernandezi moths (wingspan: approx 78 mm) fly in Venezuela (specimen type locality).

I believe the forewing length for males is 44-47mm.

"Similar to Xylophanes tersa tersa and Xylophanes resta but differs in its dark, monotonous appearance. Head and thorax dorsally dark brown to brown-black. Dorsal scaling of antenna dirty white. Abdomen dorsally ash-brown with five dark longitudinal lines; basal black patches present; laterally stripes paler rust-brown. Forebasitarsus with outer row of spines. Tibiae externally white. Outer apical spur of hindtibia less than half as long as inner. Forewing upperside ground colour ash-brown; postmedian lines indistinct, fourth line most prominent. Hindwing upperside as Xylophanes tersa tersa but median band consisting of a row of cream-coloured spots." CATE


Xylophanes fernandezi adults probably brood continuously.


Pupae probably wiggle to surface from subterranean chambers just prior to eclosion.


Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen. Males come in to lights very readily, but females are seldom taken in that way.


Larvae probably feed on Psychotria panamensis and Psychotria nervosa of the Rubiaceae family and on Pavonia guanacastensis of the Malvaceae family.

Moths emerge approximately one-two months after larvae pupate.

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