Xylophanes irrorata


Xylophanes irrorata male, Cuba, courtesy of Tomas Melichar.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke. Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.


Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Macroglossinae, Harris, 1839
Tribe: Macroglossini, Harris, 1839
Genus: Xylophanes Hubner [1819] ...........
Species: irrorata Grote, 1865


Xylophanes irrorata moths fly in Cuba (specimen type locality). Darrell Ferriss confirms a presence in Bahamas with the following image.

Xylophanes irrorata, Long Island, Bahamas, courtesy of Darrell Ferriss

The image directly above shows a moths with a distinct reddish tint. I noticed in one of the photos that Darrell sent me, that the red from the moth seemed to be transposed slightly by the camera onto the surrounding background. Below is an image from Cuba where the background is reddish. The camera seems to adjust somewhat in what it picks up. I suspect the brownish moth from Cuba is a little more reddish than displayed, and the reddish moth from Bahamas is a little more brownish. However, it could just be normal variation within the species, or there could be a subspecies designation warranted.

Xylophanes irrorata, Gran Piedra, Cuba,
June 26, 2016, copyright, Douglas Fernandez, as per


Xylophanes irrorata adults probably brood continuously. There is a June flight in Cuba, but there are probably many other flight months.

Xylophanes irrorata by John Vriesi.


Pupae probably wiggle to surface from subterranean chambers just prior to eclosion.

Xylophanes irrorata male, Cuba, courtesy of Tomas Melichar.


Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen. Males come in to lights very readily, but females are seldom taken in that way.


Larvae probably feed on Psychotria panamensis and Psychotria nervosa and other members of the of the Rubiaceae family and on Pavonia guanacastensis of the Malvaceae family.

Moths emerge approximately one-two months after larvae pupate.

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