Xylophanes norfolki

Xylophanes norfolki
Kernbach, 1962

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Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Macroglossinae, Harris, 1839
Tribe: Macroglossini, Harris, 1839
Genus: Xylophanes Hubner [1819] ...........
Species: norfolki Kernbach, 1962


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Xylophanes norfolki moths are endemic on the Galapagos Islands.

"Similar to the Xylophanes tersa species group with regard to the hindwing upperside and male genitalia but markedly different in the pattern of the forewing upperside. Forewing not so elongate and falcate as in Xylophanes tersa tersa, and with a slightly more convex outer margin. MaleMedian stripe of tegula dark orange. Wingspan: 57.8 mm (n = 4). Lateral stripes of abdomen formed from a series of diffuse patches of yellow and orange scales. Underside of abdomen purplish-brown. Forewing upperside similar to Xylophanes tersa tersa but with a darker brown ground colour and differing markedly in the arrangement of the lines and bands: antemedian band strong, directed distally as far as Cu then sharply angled back to the costa; first postmedian line not directed towards the apex but following a parallel contour to the antemedian line but not so sharply recurved towards the costa distally; second and third postmedian lines weak; fourth postmedian line oriented more transversely, angled sharply towards the apex at Rs4, thickened between Rs4 and M3; fifth postmedian line weak, parallel to fourth postmedian line; submarginal line crenulated. Forewing underside similar to Xylophanes tersa tersa but: ground colour darker orange; postmedian band strong and crenulated; marginal band darker grey. Hindwing upperside as in Xylophanes tersa tersa but pale yellow spots of the median band longer. Hindwing underside similar to Xylophanes tersa tersa but: ground colour darker orange; postmedian band strong and crenulated; marginal band darker grey." CATE

Xylophanes norfolki male, Galapagos Islands, CATE,
on my home computer only.


Xylophanes norfolki adults fly in February and June, with a possible later flight in September-October.


Pupae probably wiggle to surface from subterranean chambers just prior to eclosion.


Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen.


Larvae feed on white wild coffee (Psychotria rufipes).

Moths probably emerge approximately one-two months after larvae pupate.

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