Xylophanes pearsoni

Xylophanes pearsoni
Soares and da Silva Motta, 2002

Xylophanes pearsoni male, courtesy of Catarina da Silva Motta.

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Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Macroglossinae, Harris, 1839
Tribe: Macroglossini, Harris, 1839
Genus: Xylophanes Hubner [1819] ...........
Species: pearsoni Soares and Motta, 2002


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Xylophanes pearsoni (forewing length: males 35mm; females 36mm) fies in Bahia, Brazil (specimen type locality) and throughout eastern Brazil.

"Extremely similar to Xylophanes libya. Forewing upperside as Xylophanes libya but pattern much more uniform, postmedian lines weaker, fourth postmedian line indicated by a very fine line joining a row of vein dots; black subapical spot conspicuous. As Xylophanes libya but first postmedian line continuous. Hindwing upperside as Xylophanes libya but median band barely extending apically beyond M1 and partially divided into separate spots by the black scaling extending distad along the veins, especially M3 and CuA1 (thus resembling a more extreme version of the pattern seen in Xylophanes loelia).

"Female: Similar to the male but with broader and more rounded forewings. Forewing upperside similar to that of the male but pattern more contrasting, subbasal and postmedian lines more conspicuous, especially the first postmedian line apical of M3 and the third postmedian line along its entire, rather sinuate, length. Hindwing upperside similar to that of the male but the median band broader and not interrupted by the black scaling extending distad along the veins."


Xylophanes pearsoni adults fly????


Pupae probably wiggle to surface from subterranean chambers just prior to eclosion.

Xylophanes pearsoni female, courtesy of Catarina da Silva Motta.


Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen.


Larvae probably feed on members of the Rubiaceae or Malvaceae families.

Moths emerge approximately one-two months after larvae pupate.

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