Updated as per personal communication with María Esperanza Chacín; April 1, 2005
Updated as per Hawkmoths of the World Kitching and Cadiou, 2000; May 2011
Updated as per CATE Sphingidae, 2009; May 17, 2011
All images I receive remain the property of respective photographers and are credited as such. Data such as wingspan, date, elevation, precise location, etc., is credited to persons who submit same.
I have arranged the images in accordance with my perception of wing characters: predominent markings, shape, colour, size.
There are probably some Venezuelan species not listed below, and there are some species not officially confirmed for Venezuela, although I think they have a good chance of being found there.
All images that I use are credited to respective photographers and those images remain the property of the photographers. Data submissions are also acknowledged.
I hope that over the next twenty years the site can be further refined to allow for the creation of state by state checklists for Venezuela.
Many thanks to those who have already submitted photos and information. The CATE Sphingidae site has been extremely helpful regarding descriptions and determinations. If there are mistakes on this site, they are my own. Bill Oehlke.
dark area on basal costa continuous to inner margin
forewing less produced than in dentoni;
dark apical area reduced to thin comma;
dark area on lower half of costa
merges with larger area to inner margin;
costa generally devoid of other dark patches except trapezoid near apex
large semicircular dark area on costa;
separate from larger, lower dark area;
additional dark patches on costa
oblong dark oval in lower median area
no dark area on basal costa;
very similar to sexoculata;
no hw eyespots on veins CUA2, A1
hindwing basal area yellow
no dark area on basal costa;
very similar to tigrina;
six hw eyespots on CuA2, 1A, CuA1
hw basal area pinkish
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