Updated as per E.H. Strickland Entomological Museum, Dept. of Bio. Sc., U. of Alberta, Nov. 2007.
Updated as per Noctuidae of Western Canada, Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, Nov 2007
This site has been created by
Bill Oehlke at firstname.lastname@example.org
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.
In the United States, it has also been reported in Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.
Catocala ultroni form celia, bait, Mason, Ingham County, Michigan,
July 7, 1994. courtesy of Harry King.
Catocala ultroni form celia (verso), bait, Mason, Ingham County, Michigan,
July 7, 1994. courtesy of Harry King.
Occasionally the lower wings will be yellow instead of orange.
There is considerable variation in forewing pattern as shown in this specimen from Ontario, courtesy of Lynn Scott, the specimen from Marion County, Florida, courtesy of Leroy Simon and in the three specimens courtesy of Vernon A. Brou at botom.
Catocala ultronia courtesy of Lynn Scott
Catocala ultronia courtesy of Leroy Simon
The forewings are typically gray-brown, with a dark lower margin and a characteristic brown patch near the wingtip.
The hind tarsi have three rows of spines. The outer wing margin (lower wings) is heavily barred with a pure white patch at the apex.
Catocala ultronia, Peterborough, Ontario, July 22, courtesy of Tim Dyson.
Catocala ultronia undersides, Peterborough, Ontario, July 27, 2006 courtesy of Tim Dyson.
The egg is the overwintering stage. As soon as temperatures warm and host plant leaves burst forth, larvae can hatch from eggs and begin feeding. Mature larvae spin flimsy cocoons, pupate inside them, and then usually emerge as moths in about three to four weeks. Hence there are earlier spring flights in southern regions and later flights in northern regions. Cooler or warmer weather from year to year can influence development and emergence times, and these moths can live for at least several weeks, replenishing energy from flower nectar, fermenting tree sap, fermenting fruit. All species in this genus are thought to be single brooded.
Catocala ultronia Concan, Uvalde County, Texas, late April.
Visit Catocala ultronia, Pickens County, Georgia, June 20, 2009, Aubrey Scott.
Visit Catocala ultronia, Montgomery County, Tennessee, June 30, 2008, Tom Payne Tennessee Catocala Collection.
Catocala ultronia, Floyd Bennet Field, Jamaica Bay area, New York City Metropolitan Area, July 6, Steve Walter
Visit Catocala ultronia, form celia, Forest Hills, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, July 15, 1998, Curt Lehman
Visit Catocala ultronia, male, 55mm. Lumsden, Saskatchewan, July 25, 2010, Tim Taylor.
Visit Catocala ultronia form celia, Sidney, Kennebec County, Maine, August 4, 2011, Steve Lemieux
Visit Catocala ultronia, Ogemaw County, Michigan, August 12, 2011, Cindy Mead.
Catocala ultronia, Peterborough, Ontario, July 27, August 14-17, 2004, courtesy of Tim Dyson
Visit Catocala ultronia form lucinda, Amherst, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, Sept. 3, 2011, Joshua S. Rose.
Catocala ultronia, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, August 4 - September 22, Deb Lievens.
Visit Catocala ultronia, Athol, Worcester County, Massachusetts, Sept. 28, 2011, Dave Small.
In Concan, Texas, moths have been taken in late April.
Tim Dyson of Ontario, Canada, sent me this nice image copyright of an apparent Catocala "fan". Tim has been using some red wine in his bait (August 14), but "me thinks" the "frog" is happy for other reasons.
Moths come in to lights readily and also to bait.
Catocala ultronia, Catocala muliercula and Catocala minuta
on fermenting tree sap
courtesy of Steve Walter, Floyd Bennet Field (Jamaica Bay area of New York) July 6.
The Catocala ultronia caterpillar shows a preference for members of the Rosaceae family: Malus (apple), Prunus pensylvanica (pin cherry), Prunus serotina (wild black cherry), Prunus virginiana (choke cherry), Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash), Tilia americana (American basswood, American linden) and Populus grandidentata (Big Tooth Aspen).
Adults eclose from pupae amongst ground litter or near the soil surface.
Usually when adults alight on a vertical surface, they align themselves with bodies vertical (ultronia rest with head down). I wonder if this specimen is trying to take advantage of the horizontal grey mortar line.
Image courtesy of Lynn Scott.
Grey, cushion shaped, sculptured eggs are deposited on tree bark in the fall and hatch the following spring.
Note the prominent horn on the fifth abdominal segment. There is a distinct black line on top of head and an oblique black line running (anterior) from base of the slightly enlarged dorsal scoli of eight abdominal segment.
Dense and relatively long fringe and body are grey.
Image courtesy of David Wagner.
Catocala ultronia form celia, courtesy of Vernon Brou.
Catocala ultronia form lucinda, courtesy of Vernon Brou.
Catocala ultronia form nigrescens, Harold J. Vermes slide, permission from his son.
This page is brought to you by Bill Oehlke and the WLSS. Pages are on space rented from Bizland. If you would like to become a "Patron of the Sphingidae or Catocala Sites", contact Bill.
Please send sightings/images to Bill. I will do my best to respond to requests for identification help.
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