Updated as per http://biological-diversity.info/sphingidae.htm (Belize), November 2007
Updated as per Fauna Entomologica De Nicarauga, November 2007
Updated as per The Known Sphingidae of Costa Rica, November 2007
Updated as per Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) de Venezuela, Compilado por: María Esperanza Chacín; December 2009
This site has been created by
Bill Oehlke at email@example.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.
Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
copyright C. Odenkirk
Hemeroplanes elainae Neidhoefer, 1966, Jamaica, is a synonym for Callionima falcifera
"Forewing upperside extremely similar to Callionima parce; consistently differing only in the pale oblique apical line expanding at M1 into a pale patch that does not curve back up the outer edge of the apical line towards the apex but is directed posteriorly towards the outer margin, resulting in the area between the outer margin and the apical line being the same colour as the area immediately basal to the apical line." CATE
This species is redder, has more falcate wings and flies after midnight. The very similar Callionima parce is browner, slightly less falcate and flies before midnight.
Callionima falcifera female courtesy of Dan Janzen.
Larvae feed on Stemmadenia obovata and probably on other members of the Apocynaceae family.
Huevos de caballo, cojones de burro, cojón, cojón de puerco, and cojón de coche (Guatemala), are the common names for Stemmadenia obovata.
In English, the common name is "Horse Testicles". This tree has a smooth, pale whitish bark with prominent lenticils. The leaves are simple and glossy. The fruit is green and is paired (resembling its common name "horse testicles").
The narrow, flattened head of the larva is clearly visible in the lateral and dorsal views below.
Larvae are frequently parasitized by Drino piceiventris, one of the Tachinidae.
Note the very hooked forewing tips on original Callionima falcifera .
Below is the image Dr. Manuel Balcazar Lara gives from Mexico.
Callionima falcifera, female, courtesy of Manuel Balcazar-Lara
identified by Jean Haxaire.