Updated as per The Known Sphingidae of Costa Rica, November 2007
Updated as per More, Kitching and Cocucci's Hawkmoths of Argentina 2005, December 2009
Updated as per AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF THE SPHINGIDAE OF BOLIVIA, December 2009
Updated as per Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) de Venezuela, Compilado por: María Esperanza Chacín; December 2009
Updated as per CATE (Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay); February 6, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Greg Nielsen (Villavicencio, Meta, Colombia, January 10, 2011, 500m); February 6, 2011
Updated as per French Guiana Systematics: Sphingidae; May 13, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Sergio D. Ríos Díaz in CATÁLOGO DE LOS SPHINGIDAE (INSECTA: LEPIDOPTERA) DEPOSITADOS EN EL MUSEO NACIONAL DE HISTORIA NATURAL DEL PARAGUAY; sent to me in July 2014 by Sergio D. Ríos Díaz.
Updated as per personal communication with Joanna Rodriguez Ramirez (Chaco; Argentina), January 21, 2015
This site has been created by
Bill Oehlke at email@example.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.
Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
copyright C. Odenkirk
In South America it has been taken from
Colombia: Meta: Villavicentio (GN);
Venezuela: Aragua, Barinas; as far south as
Bolivia: Santa Cruz (450m);
French Guiana: Saul; Piste Crique
Argentina: Corrientes, Formosa, La Rioja, Misiones; Chaco (JRR) and
Paraguay: Asuncion, Concepcion, Amambay.
I fully anticipate it also flies in Guyana and Suriname. I suspect it also flies in Uruguay, but it has not be confirmed from that nation.
The upperside of the abdomen is gray, without black bands, and the underside does not have black spots. The upperside of the forewing is dark brown (may fade considerably), and it may have pale yellow-brown patches at the tip and along the inner edge. The upperside of the hindwing is dull orange with a narrow black border.
Erinnyis crameri, Itanhandu, Minas Gerais, Brazil,
July 25, 2012, courtesy of Larry Valentine.
Erinnyis crameri is similar to Erinnyis oenotrus, but crameri has
1) pale tegulae highlighting the dark brown or black median stripe;
2) lacks black dots on the underside of abdomen;
3) has a pale area on the forewing, along the entire inner margin; and
4) has the dark marginal band of the hindwing upperside broken into a series of clearly defined, diamond/triangular-shaped spots on the ends of the veins. CATE
Erinnyis crameri, Villavicencio, Km 13 via Acacias, Meta, Colombia, lfw=42mm,
04°03’55.0 N 073°41’87.0 W, January 10, 2011, 500m, courtesy of Gregory Nielsen.
Sergio Rios Diaz confirms flights in Paraguay in January, March, July and November in Paraguay.
During the night adults nectar at flowers, including bouncing bet (Saponaria officinalis).
Moths are on the wing from July-August in the southern United States. In Costa Rica moths have been taken in all months except February and March.
Erinnyis crameri female courtesy of Dan Janzen.
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