Updated as per AN ANNOTATED CHECKLIST OF THE SPHINGIDAE OF BOLIVIA, December 2009
Updated as per Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) de Venezuela, Compilado por: María Esperanza Chacín; December 2009
Updated as per French Guiana Systematics; April 12, 2011
Updated as per "A Hawk Moths fauna of southern Maranhão state, Brazil, ... "; NEVA: Jahrgang 34 Heft 3 November 2013; via Jean Haxaire; April 5, 2014

Unzela japix japix
(Cramer, 1776) Sphinx

Unzela japix japix, Coviriali, Junin, Peru,
January 19, 2008, 662m, courtesy of Vladimir Izersky.

This site has been created by Bill Oehlke at oehlkew@islandtelecom.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.

TAXONOMY:

Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Macroglossinae, Harris, 1839
Tribe: Dilophonotini, Burmeister, 1878
Genus: Unzela Walker, 1856 ...........
Species: japix japix (Cramer, 1777)

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Unzela japix japix, Mexico, courtesy of Manuel Balcazar-Lara.

DISTRIBUTION:

Unzela japix japix (wingspan: approx. 44mm) flies from Mexico to Amazonia. Surinam is the specimen type locality. It has also been recorded in northwestern and southeastern Venezuela: Aragua: El Limón, Barinas: Barinas, Bolivar: Uonken, Portuguesa: Ext. Exp. San Nicolas, 56 Km de Guanare and Mesa de Cavacas, cr. de Guanare, Zulia: Rio Kasmera, Rio Yasa, Sierra de Perijá, at elevations from 0 - 450 m..

In French Guiana it has been taken in Belizone and Saint Georges de l'Oyapock. Vladimir Izersky confirms it in Peru: Junin.

Jean Haxaire confirms it in Bolivia: La Paz, Santa Cruz; and in Brazil: southern Maranhao.

Unzela japix japix, Venezuela, from Hawkmoths of Venezuela,
courtesy of Dr. María Esperanza Chacín and José Clavijo A., Ph.D.

FLIGHT TIMES:

Unzela japix japix probably has two to three broods annually, with adults taken in May to June, August to September and from December to January.

Unzela japix japix, Coviriali, Junin, Peru,
January 19, 2008, 662m, courtesy of Vladimir Izersky.

ECLOSION:

Adults eclose from pupae formed in subterranean chambers.

SCENTING AND MATING:

Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen. Both males and females nectar at flowers.

EGGS, LARVAE, PUPAE:

Larvae possibly feed on Vitus tiliifolia and other members of the Vitaceae family, however, thus far it seems they are limited to Dilleniaceae.

The "horn" is very long in early instars and head is relatively large.

Tulane University website reports larvae on Pinzona coriacea.

Unzela japix on Pinzona coriacea, Tulane University.

Larvae also feed on Tetracera volubilis of the Dilleniaceae family. The "horn" is quite diminished in the final instar and now the head is small compared to body girth.

Eclosion from pupa is about four weeks after pupation. The pupa is dark and smooth with a long, sharp cremaster.

Unzela japix japix

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