Updated as per http://biological-diversity.info/sphingidae.htm (Belize), November 2007
Updated as per Fauna Entomologica De Nicarauga, November 2007
Updated as per The Known Sphingidae of Costa Rica, November 2007
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Bill Oehlke at email@example.com
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.
Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
copyright C. Odenkirk
The adult is easily distinguished from any other species of Sphingidae that occurs in Costa Rica. The combination of not having yellow spots on the sides of the abdomen, not having a white dot in the center of the forewing, having gray shoulders, and having a diffuse gray-brown "patternless" wing color does not occur on any other species of Costa Rican sphingid. However, the background color of the wings and their texture does vary from quite dark brown to quite light gray.
This species is duller, with more uniform colouration than Manduca florestan. The side spots on the abdomen contain less black than in Manduca florestan. The most superficially similar species are Manduca dilucida, Manduca florestan, and Manduca barnesi.
In Costa Rica, adults of M. lanuginosa are known only from dry forest on the Pacific side from the Area de Conservacion Pacifico Central to the north. However, it will not be surprising if they are eventually found in the remains of the dry forest in the Valle del Rio General and in the vicinity of Boruca, since M. lanuginosa is one of the four Costa Rican Manduca that occur only in dry forest (together with Manduca dilucida, Manduca barnesi, and Manduca muscosa.
The middle-sized, white stripes are not so prominent as in Manduca florestan.
The larva of Manduca lanuginosa is among the most distinctive larvae of Sphingidae known in Costa Rica, because the diagonal lateral white slashes continue up onto the back in the form of lines of small black rings with white centers, producing the impression of rows of white dots. There is no other sphingid larva known from Costa Rica with which this larva can be confused.
The background color of M. lanuginosa larvae can be green, yellow-green with purpose or black-purple.
Sometimes this species will remain in pupa stage for six weeks, but often larvae that pupate in June emerge the following May.
The pupa of Manduca lanuginosa has a ventrally curved tongue case that is typical of Manduca, but the case is exceptionally short and quite inflated at the tip.
The prepupal larva mines 3-10 cm deep into the soil and excavates a chamber for the pupa and then pupates in 4-5 days. The pupal cuticle is thick, hard and black. The pupa remains dormant until the beginning of the next rainy season (10-11 months later).
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