Manduca lichenea
Updated as per the L.O.L.A. publication Hawkmoths of Argentina, More, Kitching and Cocucci, 2005, October 2007.
Updated as per CATE, October 18, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos (Campo Ramon, Misiones, Argentina, September 26, 2010); May 14, 2012
Updated as per personal communication with Sergio D. Ríos Díaz in CATÁLOGO DE LOS SPHINGIDAE (INSECTA: LEPIDOPTERA) DEPOSITADOS EN EL MUSEO NACIONAL DE HISTORIA NATURAL DEL PARAGUAY; sent to me in July 2014 by Sergio D. Ríos Díaz.

Manduca lichenea
(Bermeister, 1855)

Manduca lichenea, Campo Ramon, Misiones, Argentina,
September 26, 2010, courtesy of Ezequiel Osvaldo Núñez Bustos

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Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
Subfamily: Sphinginae, Latreille, [1802]
Tribe: Sphingini, Latreille, 1802
Genus: Manduca Hubner, 1807 ...........
Species: lichenea (Bermeister, 1856)


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Manduca lichenea (wingspan: approx. 94mm, females larger than males) flies in
Brazil: Rio de Janeiro (specimen type locality). It is reported from Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul. Kitching and Cadiou, 2002, indicate it is endemic to southeastern Brazil. Specimens from other areas are most likely Manduca schausi, but this species
might also fly in southern Paraguay: San Pedro; Guaira; and
possibly northern Argentina: Misiones (EB). CATE reports specimens taken in south eastern Brazil, including Sao Paulo, and northern Argentina and Uruguay.

However, it is not reported for Argentina in the L.O.L.A. publication Hawkmoths of Argentina, More, Kitching and Cocucci, 2005; nor is it reported in Uruguay by Msc Maria Gabriela Bentancur Viglione, Faculty of Sciences, Montevideo, Uruguay, who indicates a recently published checklist (2010) will shortly be forthcoming, based on SHILAP publication: Lista de Sphingidae del Uruguay. I am not sure if DNA barcoding will sort this out.

Ezequiel Bustos reports that DNA barcoding confirms its presence in Argentina.


Manduca lichenea adults fly in September in Argentina (EB).


Pupae probably wiggle to surface from subterranean chambers just prior to eclosion.


Females call in the males with a pheromone released from a gland at the tip of the abdomen.


Larvae feed on

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Ezequiel Bustos image:
Colección de Lepidoptera Proyecto DNA Barcodes Lepidoptera Argentina
Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales ¨Bernandino Rivadavia¨ (MACN)
Av. Angel Gallardo 470 (1405)
Ciudad de Buenos Aires

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