Updated as per http://biological-diversity.info/sphingidae.htm (Belize), November 2007
Updated as per Fauna Entomologica De Nicarauga, November 2007
Updated as per The Known Sphingidae of Costa Rica, November 2007
Updated as per personal communication with Johan van't Bosch (Mato Grosso, Brazil, September), March 2008
Updated as per Hawkmoths of Argentina, More, Kitching and Coccuci 2005, December 2008
Updated as per personal communication with Andy Warren, (Aloysia virgata in Florida); September 2010
Updated as per French Guiana Sphingidae; March 9, 2011
Updated as per personal communication with Ben Trott (Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, Mexico); February 27, 2012
Updated as per personal communication with Alexander Buldring (Avanhandava, Sao Paulo, Brazil, December 18, 2012); January 30, 2013
This site has been created by
Bill Oehlke at firstname.lastname@example.org
Comments, suggestions and/or additional information are welcomed by Bill.
Family: Sphingidae, Latreille, 1802
copyright C. Odenkirk
There are valid reports from the provinces of Argentina: Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Chaco, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman.
Visit Manduca rustica, Cordoba, Argentina, courtesy of Dr. Carlos Marzano.
Visit Manduca rustica, Osununu Private Reserve, Misiones, Argentina, October 14, 2009, courtesy of Ezequiel Bustos.
Visit Manduca rustica, Shreveport, Caddo Parish, Louisiana, July 31, 2013, Jeff Trahan.
Visit Manduca rustica, Laguna Madre, Flour Bluff, Corpus Christi, Texas, August 13, 2013, Tim Belde.
Manduca rustica, Avanhandava, Sao Paulo, Brazil,
December 18, 2012, courtesy of Alexander Buldring.
Leticia Noli Stoner sends this image, February 5, 2011, from Mendoza, Argentina. If the id is correct, this sighting represents a slight southwesterly extension of its known range in Argentina.
Manduca rustica fifth instar, Mendoza, Argentina,
February 5, 2011, Leticia Noli Stoner
In Central America it has been reported in the following locations:
Mexico: Quintana Roo; probably throughout Mexico;
Belize: Corozol, Cayo, Stann Creek, Toledo;
Nicaragua: Chinandega, Leon, Managua, Masaya, Granada, Rivas, Chontales, Zelaya, Rio San Juan;
Guatemala: Izabal (JM)
Costa Rica: Guanacaste, Puntarenas, Alajuela, San Jose, Lemon, Heredia;
Panama. It is also confirmed in French Guiana: Kaw, and it probably flies throughout most, if not all of South America.
The abdomen of the adult moth has three pairs of yellow spots. The upperside of the forewing is yellowish brown to deep chocolate brown with a dusting of white scales and zigzagged black and white lines.
Manduca rustica female, courtesy of Hubert Mayer.
In Bolivia January-February-March-April, June, October and December with both males and females coming to lights. Johan van't Bosch reports a September flight in Mato Grosso, Brazil.
Manduca rustica, on moonflower, San Antonio, Texas,
November 12, 2003, courtesy of Jay Chapman.
Visit Manduca rustica, south Austin, August 2, 2012, Jackson MacLean
"Manduca rustica, Tucson, Arizona, November, on desert willow, David Bygott
I recently received a report and images of a larva feeding on basil in Palm Beach County, Florida, September 4, 2010.
Manduca rustica fifth instar on basil, Palm Beach County, Florida,
September 5, 2010, courtesy of Jenny Yates.
I was surprised when Jenny indicated the Manduca rustica larva depicted above was found feeding on basil and I asked Jenny to check to see if much foliage had been consumed. I will now add basil to the Manduca rustica species file as a foodplant for that species.
Andy Warren writes, "Aloysia virgata (Sweet Almond Bush, Incense Bush of Verbenaceae family)
is a popular nectar plant in butterfly gardens in Florida.
(I think it is originally a South American plant). Anyway, I just found a last instar larva of Manduca rustica on one of my A. virgata plants, after the sucker defoliated a couple of branches!"
Visit Manduca rustica fifth instar on Callicarpa?, Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, Mexico, March 4, 2012, courtesy of Ben Trott. Visit Manduca rustica, Dog Canyon, Otero County, New Mexico, on Desert Willow, (Chilopsis linearis), August 24, 2009, Bob Barber. Visit Manduca rustica fifth instar, Chandler, Maricopa County, Arizona, October 8, 2009, courtesy of T. J. Robb.
Visit Manduca rustica larvae on golden dewdrop (Duranta erecta), Cape Coral, October 9, 2010, Elizabeth Gillen.
Visit Manduca rustica, Tucson, Pima County, Arizona, August 25, 2011, feeding on Tecoma Orange Jubilee Trumpet and Cape Honeysuckle bushes, about 2500' above sea level, Sue Fehlman.
Visit Manduca rustica fifth instar on Desert Willow, Tucson, Pima County, Arizona, September 17, 2011, 100mm, Karen Riggs. Visit Manduca rustica larva, Columbia County, Georgia, courtesy of Bob and Marsha Hamlin.
Visit Manduca rustica, Long Key Nature Center, Broward County, Florida, May 2, 2011, Kelli Whitney.
The caterpillar has numerous white nodules on top of the thorax and seven pairs of oblique, blue-gray stripes along the side of the body. The horn is white at the base and blue-gray at the tip. Host plants also include Crossvine, bignonias, and various members of the forget-me-not and vervain families. Alice Gilliland reports one feeding on gardenia in Chapel Hill, Orange County, North Carolina.
Larvae pupate on their backs in subterranean chambers.
Larvae and pupa images courtesy of Bruce Walsh.
Heavily parasitized Manduca rustica, Florida,
courtesy of Leroy Simon.
Manduca rustica, dark (unusual) fifth instar, Patagonia, Santa Cruz Co., Arizona,
on buddleia bush, September 20, 2008, courtesy of Philip Kline.
I received another report of a black larva from Gary Vernon in Midlothian, Texas. Gary reports that it was also feeding on butterfly plant. Perhaps there is a correlation between host plant and likelihood of the appearance of the dark form.
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